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Custom-Designed MLPA Using Multiple Short Synthetic Probes Application to Methylation Analysis of Five Promoter CpG Islands in Tumor and Urine Specimens from Patients with Bladder Cancer: application to methylation analysis of five promoter CpG islands in tumor and urine specimens from patients with bladder cancer

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DOI

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Vis graf over relationer

Ligation of two oligonucleotide probes hybridized adjacently to a DNA template has been widely used for detection of genome alterations. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique allows simultaneous screening of multiple target sequences in a single reaction by using pairs of probes that carry tails for binding of common amplification primers. Resolution of the various targets is achieved by electrophoresis on the basis of predefined differences in amplicon length. In the conventional MLPA approach, one of the two target probes is generated by cloning in a single-stranded bacteriophage vector to introduce a sequence of defined length between the primer binding site and the specific target sequence. Here we demonstrate that differences in amplicon length can be achieved by using multiple short synthetic probes for each target sequence. When joined by a DNA ligase, these probes will form a single amplifiable template whose length is defined by the number and lengths of the individual probes. We have used this principle to establish a methylation-specific MLPA (MS-MLPA) assay that simultaneously determines the methylation status of five promoter CpG islands, and we have used this assay to analyze DNA from tumor tissue and corresponding urine samples from patients with bladder cancer. Our data show that the use of multiple short synthetic probes provides a simple means for custom-designed MS-MLPA analysis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)402-408
Antal sider7
ISSN1525-1578
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2010

ID: 32300339