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Cost of Illness in Young Children: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study

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@article{e6b1915b0e2547e4959df52092eb8d2b,
title = "Cost of Illness in Young Children: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study",
abstract = "Childhood illness is extremely common and imposes a considerable economic burden on society. We aimed to quantify the overall economic burden of childhood illness in the first three years of life and the impact of environmental risk factors. The study is based on the prospective, clinical mother-child cohort Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC2010) of 700 children with embedded randomized trials of fish-oil and vitamin D supplementations during pregnancy. First, descriptive analyses were performed on the total costs of illness, defined as both the direct costs (hospitalizations, outpatient visits, visit to the practitioner) and the indirect costs (lost earnings) collected from the Danish National Health Registries. Thereafter, linear regression analyses on log-transformed costs were used to investigate environmental determinants of the costs of illness. The median standardized total cost of illness at age 0-3 years among the 559 children eligible for analyses was EUR 14,061 (IQR 9751-19,662). The exposures associated with reduced costs were fish-oil supplementation during pregnancy (adjusted geometric mean ratio (GMR) 0.89 (0.80; 0.98), p = 0.02), gestational age in weeks (aGMR = 0.93 (0.91; 0.96), p < 0.0001), and birth weight per 100 g (aGMR 0.98 (0.97; 0.99), p = 0.0003), while cesarean delivery was associated with higher costs (aGMR = 1.30 (1.15; 1.47), p < 0.0001). In conclusion, common childhood illnesses are associated with significant health-related costs, which can potentially be reduced by targeting perinatal risk factors, including maternal diet during pregnancy, cesarean delivery, preterm birth and low birth weight.",
keywords = "cesarean delivery, childhood, costs of illness",
author = "N{\o}rgaard, {Sarah Kristine} and Vissing, {Nadja Hawwa} and Chawes, {Bo Lund} and Jakob Stokholm and Klaus B{\o}nnelykke and Hans Bisgaard",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.3390/children8030173",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Children",
issn = "2227-9067",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cost of Illness in Young Children

T2 - A Prospective Birth Cohort Study

AU - Nørgaard, Sarah Kristine

AU - Vissing, Nadja Hawwa

AU - Chawes, Bo Lund

AU - Stokholm, Jakob

AU - Bønnelykke, Klaus

AU - Bisgaard, Hans

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - Childhood illness is extremely common and imposes a considerable economic burden on society. We aimed to quantify the overall economic burden of childhood illness in the first three years of life and the impact of environmental risk factors. The study is based on the prospective, clinical mother-child cohort Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC2010) of 700 children with embedded randomized trials of fish-oil and vitamin D supplementations during pregnancy. First, descriptive analyses were performed on the total costs of illness, defined as both the direct costs (hospitalizations, outpatient visits, visit to the practitioner) and the indirect costs (lost earnings) collected from the Danish National Health Registries. Thereafter, linear regression analyses on log-transformed costs were used to investigate environmental determinants of the costs of illness. The median standardized total cost of illness at age 0-3 years among the 559 children eligible for analyses was EUR 14,061 (IQR 9751-19,662). The exposures associated with reduced costs were fish-oil supplementation during pregnancy (adjusted geometric mean ratio (GMR) 0.89 (0.80; 0.98), p = 0.02), gestational age in weeks (aGMR = 0.93 (0.91; 0.96), p < 0.0001), and birth weight per 100 g (aGMR 0.98 (0.97; 0.99), p = 0.0003), while cesarean delivery was associated with higher costs (aGMR = 1.30 (1.15; 1.47), p < 0.0001). In conclusion, common childhood illnesses are associated with significant health-related costs, which can potentially be reduced by targeting perinatal risk factors, including maternal diet during pregnancy, cesarean delivery, preterm birth and low birth weight.

AB - Childhood illness is extremely common and imposes a considerable economic burden on society. We aimed to quantify the overall economic burden of childhood illness in the first three years of life and the impact of environmental risk factors. The study is based on the prospective, clinical mother-child cohort Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC2010) of 700 children with embedded randomized trials of fish-oil and vitamin D supplementations during pregnancy. First, descriptive analyses were performed on the total costs of illness, defined as both the direct costs (hospitalizations, outpatient visits, visit to the practitioner) and the indirect costs (lost earnings) collected from the Danish National Health Registries. Thereafter, linear regression analyses on log-transformed costs were used to investigate environmental determinants of the costs of illness. The median standardized total cost of illness at age 0-3 years among the 559 children eligible for analyses was EUR 14,061 (IQR 9751-19,662). The exposures associated with reduced costs were fish-oil supplementation during pregnancy (adjusted geometric mean ratio (GMR) 0.89 (0.80; 0.98), p = 0.02), gestational age in weeks (aGMR = 0.93 (0.91; 0.96), p < 0.0001), and birth weight per 100 g (aGMR 0.98 (0.97; 0.99), p = 0.0003), while cesarean delivery was associated with higher costs (aGMR = 1.30 (1.15; 1.47), p < 0.0001). In conclusion, common childhood illnesses are associated with significant health-related costs, which can potentially be reduced by targeting perinatal risk factors, including maternal diet during pregnancy, cesarean delivery, preterm birth and low birth weight.

KW - cesarean delivery

KW - childhood

KW - costs of illness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85112459493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/children8030173

DO - 10.3390/children8030173

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33668336

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Children

JF - Children

SN - 2227-9067

IS - 3

M1 - 173

ER -

ID: 64084017