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Cortical thickness following electroconvulsive therapy in patients with depression - a longitudinal MRI study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. Det Danske ECT/MRI projekt

    Projekt: Typer af projekter

  1. Familial risk and heritability of depression by age at first diagnosis in Danish twins

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Hippocampal Volume and Memory Impairment after Electroconvulsive Therapy in Patients with Depression

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. High suicide rates during psychiatric inpatient stay and shortly after discharge

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. Oral contraceptives and the serotonin 4 receptor: a molecular brain imaging study in healthy women

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Volume of hippocampal subregions and clinical improvement following electroconvulsive therapy in patients with depression

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Intradural artery dilation during experimentally induced migraine attacks

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Discontinuation of antidepressants

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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OBJECTIVE: Several studies have found an increase in hippocampal volume following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but the effect on cortical thickness has been less investigated. We aimed to examine the effects of ECT on cortical thickness and their associations with clinical outcome.

METHODS: Using 3 Tesla MRI-scanner, we obtained T1-weighted brain images of 18 severely depressed patients at three time points: before, right after, and six months after a series of ECT. The thickness of 68 cortical regions was extracted using Free Surfer, and Linear Mixed Model was used to analyse the longitudinal changes.

RESULTS: We found significant increases in cortical thickness of 26 regions right after a series of ECT, mainly within the frontal, temporal, and insular cortex. The thickness returned to the baseline-values at six-month follow-up. We detected no significant decreases in cortical thickness. The increase in the thickness of the right lateral orbitofrontal cortex was associated with a greater antidepressant effect, r=0.75, p=0.0005. None of the regions showed any associations with cognitive side effects.

CONCLUSIONS: The increases in cortical thickness induced by ECT are transient. Further multimodal MRI studies should examine the neural correlates of these increases and their relationship with the antidepressant effect. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Vol/bind140
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)205-216
Antal sider12
ISSN0001-690X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2019

ID: 57684526