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Co-occurrence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and congenital heart defects: a nationwide cohort study

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@article{cec771d095f147f9a5b1bf434272b673,
title = "Co-occurrence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and congenital heart defects: a nationwide cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) and congenital heart defects (CHDs) may share some genetic risk factors, but little is known about the co-occurrence of the two conditions in patients.METHODS: Our study cohort included 2,212,756 persons born in Denmark 1977-2013. We identified patients with IHPS and CHD in the National Patient Register. Using log-linear Poisson regression, we estimated the (incidence) rate ratios (RRs) comparing the rate of IHPS among children with a CHD diagnosis (exposed) and the rate among those without such a diagnosis.RESULTS: Twenty-seven thousand three hundred and fifty-seven children in the cohort were diagnosed with CHD out of whom 85 developed IHPS (RR = 2.62, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 2.09-3.22]). The results were similar for those with and without other congenital malformations, for preterm and term deliveries, and for both sexes. There was, however, a significant effect of calendar period (P = .003). In the period 1977-1996, the RR of IHPS given a CHD diagnosis was 1.96 (95{\%} CI 1.41-2.64); in the period 1997-2014, the RR was 3.75 (95{\%} CI 2.74-4.99).CONCLUSION: CHD was associated with an increased risk of IHPS. Further research is needed to delineate molecular-level mechanisms that may affect both conditions.",
author = "Bjarke Feenstra and Sanne G{\o}rtz and Marie Lund and Ranthe, {Mattis F} and Frank Geller and Mads Melbye",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1038/s41390-019-0369-9",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "955--960",
journal = "Pediatric Research",
issn = "0031-3998",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-occurrence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and congenital heart defects

T2 - a nationwide cohort study

AU - Feenstra, Bjarke

AU - Gørtz, Sanne

AU - Lund, Marie

AU - Ranthe, Mattis F

AU - Geller, Frank

AU - Melbye, Mads

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) and congenital heart defects (CHDs) may share some genetic risk factors, but little is known about the co-occurrence of the two conditions in patients.METHODS: Our study cohort included 2,212,756 persons born in Denmark 1977-2013. We identified patients with IHPS and CHD in the National Patient Register. Using log-linear Poisson regression, we estimated the (incidence) rate ratios (RRs) comparing the rate of IHPS among children with a CHD diagnosis (exposed) and the rate among those without such a diagnosis.RESULTS: Twenty-seven thousand three hundred and fifty-seven children in the cohort were diagnosed with CHD out of whom 85 developed IHPS (RR = 2.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.09-3.22]). The results were similar for those with and without other congenital malformations, for preterm and term deliveries, and for both sexes. There was, however, a significant effect of calendar period (P = .003). In the period 1977-1996, the RR of IHPS given a CHD diagnosis was 1.96 (95% CI 1.41-2.64); in the period 1997-2014, the RR was 3.75 (95% CI 2.74-4.99).CONCLUSION: CHD was associated with an increased risk of IHPS. Further research is needed to delineate molecular-level mechanisms that may affect both conditions.

AB - BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) and congenital heart defects (CHDs) may share some genetic risk factors, but little is known about the co-occurrence of the two conditions in patients.METHODS: Our study cohort included 2,212,756 persons born in Denmark 1977-2013. We identified patients with IHPS and CHD in the National Patient Register. Using log-linear Poisson regression, we estimated the (incidence) rate ratios (RRs) comparing the rate of IHPS among children with a CHD diagnosis (exposed) and the rate among those without such a diagnosis.RESULTS: Twenty-seven thousand three hundred and fifty-seven children in the cohort were diagnosed with CHD out of whom 85 developed IHPS (RR = 2.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.09-3.22]). The results were similar for those with and without other congenital malformations, for preterm and term deliveries, and for both sexes. There was, however, a significant effect of calendar period (P = .003). In the period 1977-1996, the RR of IHPS given a CHD diagnosis was 1.96 (95% CI 1.41-2.64); in the period 1997-2014, the RR was 3.75 (95% CI 2.74-4.99).CONCLUSION: CHD was associated with an increased risk of IHPS. Further research is needed to delineate molecular-level mechanisms that may affect both conditions.

U2 - 10.1038/s41390-019-0369-9

DO - 10.1038/s41390-019-0369-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 85

SP - 955

EP - 960

JO - Pediatric Research

JF - Pediatric Research

SN - 0031-3998

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 58391290