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Udgivet

Continuous infusion of tracer norepinephrine may miscalculate unidirectional nerve uptake of norepinephrine in humans.

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In order to evaluate uptake kinetics of norepinephrine (NE) in different tissues, a catheterization study was performed in control subjects (n = 6) and patients with enhanced sympathetic nervous activity (cirrhosis, n = 12) during constant intravenous infusion of L[3H]norepinephrine ([3H]NE) for 75 minutes. In spite of a higher NE spillover from kidneys in patients compared with controls (82 vs. 49 ng/min, p less than 0.01), renal extraction ratios of [3H]NE were similar in the two groups (0.33 vs. 0.32, NS), and no significant change was observed during the time of infusion. In contrast, liver-intestine extraction ratios of [3H]NE decreased significantly and equally with infusion time in patients (from 0.57 to 0.44, p less than 0.01) and controls (from 0.59 to 0.46, p less than 0.01). This was observed despite the fact that spillover of NE from this vascular bed was observed only in patients with cirrhosis and not in controls (41 vs. -5 ng/min, p less than 0.02). In the lower limb, net release of NE was similar in patients and controls, and extraction ratios of [3H]NE decreased almost equally with infusion time (from 0.35 to 0.30, p less than 0.01 and from 0.40 to 0.24, p less than 0.1, respectively). Whole-body clearance of [3H]NE decreased over time in patients (-6%, p less than 0.01) and controls (-20%, p less than 0.01), but significant difference was not observed between the groups. We conclude that failure to attain a steady state with respect to [3H]NE removal was demonstrated in areas of large tissue volume relative to blood flow.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Bidragets oversatte titelContinuous infusion of tracer norepinephrine may miscalculate unidirectional nerve uptake of norepinephrine in humans.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCirculation Research
Vol/bind65
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)388-395
Antal sider8
ISSN0009-7330
StatusUdgivet - 1989

ID: 32505110