Concurrent use of tramadol and oral vitamin K antagonists and the risk of excessive anticoagulation: a register-based nested case-control study

Anton Pottegård, Peter M. Meegaard, Line H V Holck, Rene dePont Christensen, Hanne Madsen, Jesper Hallas

17 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess whether the concurrent use of tramadol and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) leads to an increased risk of excessive anticoagulation.

DESIGN: The study was designed as a case-control study, nested within users of VKA and with tramadol use as our main exposure. We used conditional logistic regression to control for potential confounders.

SETTING: Prescription data from primary care were obtained from Odense Pharmacoepidemiological Database (OPED). Information about hospital admissions was obtained from the patient administrative system of Funen County (FPAS).

SUBJECTS: Both cases and controls were selected from users of VKA. Cases were defined by being hospitalised with a main diagnosis indicating excessive anticoagulation. For each case, we selected 15 controls among VKA users, matched by age and sex.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Odds ratio for experiencing excessive anticoagulation attributable to the use of tramadol.

RESULTS: A total of 178 patients were included, 30 of which were exposed to tramadol, along with 2643 controls, 114 of which were exposed to tramadol. The adjusted odds-ratio for experiencing excessive anticoagulation during use of tramadol was 3.1 (1.9-5.2). This corresponds to, on average, one excess case per 250 treatment years (CI 125-584). The result is potentially confounded by concomitant paracetamol use and the presence of acute illness.

CONCLUSION: Caution is advised when using tramadol in patients using VKA, and if possible, an alternative pain-medication should be used.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Vol/bind69
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)641-6
Antal sider6
ISSN0031-6970
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2013

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