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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Concomitant changes in ventricular depolarization and repolarization and long-term outcomes of biventricular pacing

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  • Christoffer Polcwiartek
  • Daniel J Friedman
  • Kasper Emerek
  • Claus Graff
  • Peter L Sørensen
  • Joseph Kisslo
  • Zak Loring
  • Steen M Hansen
  • Kristian Kragholm
  • Bhupendar Tayal
  • Svend E Jensen
  • Peter Søgaard
  • Christian Torp-Pedersen
  • Brett D Atwater
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Background: Biventricular (BiV) pacing increases transmural repolarization heterogeneity due to epicardial to endocardial conduction from the left ventricular (LV) lead. However, limited evidence is available on concomitant changes in ventricular depolarization and repolarization and long-term outcomes of BiV pacing. Therefore, we investigated associations of BiV pacing-induced concomitant changes in ventricular depolarization and repolarization with mortality (i.e., LV assist device, heart transplantation, or all-cause mortality) and sustained ventricular arrhythmia endpoints. Methods: Consecutive BiV-defibrillator recipients with digital preimplantation and postimplantation electrocardiograms recorded between 2006 and 2015 at Duke University Medical Center were included. We calculated changes in QRS duration and corrected JT (JTc) interval and split them by median values. For simplicity, these variables were named QRS decreased (≤ −12 ms), QRS increased (> –12 ms), JTc decreased (≤22 ms), and JTc increased (> 22 ms) and subsequently used to construct four mutually exclusive groups. Results: We included 528 patients (median age, 68 years; male, 69%). No correlation between changes in QRS duration and JTc interval was observed (P =.295). Compared to QRS decreased/JTc increased, increased risk of the composite mortality endpoint was associated with QRS decreased/JTc decreased (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-2.43), QRS increased/JTc decreased (HR = 1.86; 95% CI = 1.27-2.71), and QRS increased/JTc increased (HR = 2.25; 95% CI = 1.52-3.35). No QRS/JTc group was associated with excess sustained ventricular arrhythmia risk (P =.400). Conclusion: Among BiV-defibrillator recipients, QRS decreased/JTc increased was associated with the most favorable long-term survival free of LV assist device, heart transplantation, and sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Our findings suggest that improved electrical resynchronization may be achieved by assessing concomitant changes in ventricular depolarization and repolarization.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE
Vol/bind43
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1333-1343
Antal sider11
ISSN0147-8389
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

ID: 60850590