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Comparison of the effects of peripherally administered kisspeptins

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@article{1878054f22bf4ccea096fd50704723a6,
title = "Comparison of the effects of peripherally administered kisspeptins",
abstract = "Kisspeptins are structurally closely related peptides derived from the Kiss1 gene that have been demonstrated to stimulate the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal axis. The natural peptide products derived from post-translational processing of the kisspeptin precursor have not been elucidated. We examined the acute effect on serum levels of free testosterone in the adult male mouse after systemic administration of kisspeptins with different lengths of both human and mouse origin. Mouse kisspeptin-10 and -52 dose-dependently increased serum testosterone, and both peptides showed similar potency and efficacy. Human kisspeptin-10 and kisspeptin-54 evoked robust increase in serum testosterone, with the same potency as for mouse kisspeptins. Other members of the RFRP family of peptides, i.e. RFRP-1 and -3 were inactive. Time-course experiments revealed that the longer forms had a slower onset of action, and the long human form also a more prolonged effect. The effect of the peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 could be totally blocked by the GnRH antagonist acyline. Finally, peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 had no effect on Fos induction in GnRH cells. These data show that all peptides tested are active and supports the concept that their effect is mediated by a target upstream of the pituitary, such as the median eminence.",
keywords = "Animals, Humans, Kisspeptins, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred Strains, Testosterone, Tumor Suppressor Proteins",
author = "Mikkelsen, {Jens D} and Bentsen, {Agnete H} and Laura Ansel and Valerie Simonneaux and Anders Juul",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.regpep.2008.10.001",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "95--100",
journal = "Regulatory Peptides",
issn = "0167-0115",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1-3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of the effects of peripherally administered kisspeptins

AU - Mikkelsen, Jens D

AU - Bentsen, Agnete H

AU - Ansel, Laura

AU - Simonneaux, Valerie

AU - Juul, Anders

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Kisspeptins are structurally closely related peptides derived from the Kiss1 gene that have been demonstrated to stimulate the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal axis. The natural peptide products derived from post-translational processing of the kisspeptin precursor have not been elucidated. We examined the acute effect on serum levels of free testosterone in the adult male mouse after systemic administration of kisspeptins with different lengths of both human and mouse origin. Mouse kisspeptin-10 and -52 dose-dependently increased serum testosterone, and both peptides showed similar potency and efficacy. Human kisspeptin-10 and kisspeptin-54 evoked robust increase in serum testosterone, with the same potency as for mouse kisspeptins. Other members of the RFRP family of peptides, i.e. RFRP-1 and -3 were inactive. Time-course experiments revealed that the longer forms had a slower onset of action, and the long human form also a more prolonged effect. The effect of the peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 could be totally blocked by the GnRH antagonist acyline. Finally, peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 had no effect on Fos induction in GnRH cells. These data show that all peptides tested are active and supports the concept that their effect is mediated by a target upstream of the pituitary, such as the median eminence.

AB - Kisspeptins are structurally closely related peptides derived from the Kiss1 gene that have been demonstrated to stimulate the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal axis. The natural peptide products derived from post-translational processing of the kisspeptin precursor have not been elucidated. We examined the acute effect on serum levels of free testosterone in the adult male mouse after systemic administration of kisspeptins with different lengths of both human and mouse origin. Mouse kisspeptin-10 and -52 dose-dependently increased serum testosterone, and both peptides showed similar potency and efficacy. Human kisspeptin-10 and kisspeptin-54 evoked robust increase in serum testosterone, with the same potency as for mouse kisspeptins. Other members of the RFRP family of peptides, i.e. RFRP-1 and -3 were inactive. Time-course experiments revealed that the longer forms had a slower onset of action, and the long human form also a more prolonged effect. The effect of the peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 could be totally blocked by the GnRH antagonist acyline. Finally, peripherally administered mouse kisspeptin-10 had no effect on Fos induction in GnRH cells. These data show that all peptides tested are active and supports the concept that their effect is mediated by a target upstream of the pituitary, such as the median eminence.

KW - Animals

KW - Humans

KW - Kisspeptins

KW - Male

KW - Mice

KW - Mice, Inbred Strains

KW - Testosterone

KW - Tumor Suppressor Proteins

U2 - 10.1016/j.regpep.2008.10.001

DO - 10.1016/j.regpep.2008.10.001

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18940206

VL - 152

SP - 95

EP - 100

JO - Regulatory Peptides

JF - Regulatory Peptides

SN - 0167-0115

IS - 1-3

ER -

ID: 38265325