Comparison of onset time, duration of action, and intubating conditions after cisatracurium 0.15 mg/kg in young and elderly patients

Matias Vested*, Camilla Meno Kristensen, Pernille Pape, Malene Vang, Mian Hartoft, Caroline Hjelmdal, Lars Simon Rasmussen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
2 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation during anesthesia can be facilitated by the neuromuscular blocking agent cisatracurium. However, limited data exists about onset time, duration of action and effect on intubating conditions in elderly patients above 80 years of age. We hypothesized that elderly patients would present a longer onset time and duration of action compared to younger adults.

METHODS: This prospective observational study included 31 young (18-40 years) and 29 elderly (≥ 80 years) patients. Patients were given fentanyl 2 μg/kg and propofol 1.5-2.5 mg/kg for induction of anesthesia and maintained with remifentanil and propofol. Monitoring of neuromuscular function was performed with acceleromyography. Primary outcome was onset time defined as time from injection of cisatracurium 0.15 mg/kg (based on ideal body weight) to a train-of-four (TOF) count of 0. Other outcomes included duration of action (time to TOF ratio ≥ 0.9), intubation conditions using the Fuchs-Buder scale and the Intubating Difficulty Scale (IDS), and occurrence of hoarseness and sore throat postoperatively.

RESULTS: Elderly patients had significantly longer onset time compared with younger patients; 297 seconds (SD 120) vs. 199 seconds (SD 59) (difference: 98 seconds (95% CI: 49-147), P < 0.001)). Duration of action was also significantly longer in elderly patients compared with younger patients; 89 minutes (SD 17) vs. 77 minutes (SD 14) (difference: 12 minutes (95% CI: 2.5-20.5) P = 0.01)). No difference was found in the proportion of excellent intubating conditions (Fuchs-Buder); 19/29 (66%) vs 21/31 (68%) (P = 0.86) or IDS score (P = 0.74). A larger proportion of elderly patients reported hoarseness 24 hours postoperatively; 62% vs 34% P = 0.04.

CONCLUSION: In elderly patients cisatracurium 0.15 mg/kg had significantly longer onset time and duration of action compared with younger patients. No difference was found in intubating conditions at a TOF count of 0.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04921735, date of registration 10 June 2021).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer339
TidsskriftBMC Anesthesiology
Vol/bind22
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-7
Antal sider7
ISSN1471-2253
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 7 nov. 2022

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