Skin biomarkers for disease severity and treatment response in atopic dermatitis (AD) are needed. Biopsies cause scarring and tape stripping represents an alternative minimally invasive method for stratum corneum sampling. In this study, we examined the gene expression of cytokines in skin biopsies and cytokines in stratum corneum tape strips collected from adults with AD. We collected punch biopsies and tape strips from healthy controls (n = 6) and subjects with AD (n = 12) at baseline and after 2 weeks of topical treatment with mometasone furoate 0.1% cream. We found that IFN-γ, IL-13, and IL-10 mRNA (biopsies) and IL-1β protein expression levels (tape strips) were significantly increased in lesional AD skin compared to healthy control skin. Treatment with topical corticosteroid led to a significant decrease in mRNA levels for IL-13 and IL-4R but no significant differences in cytokine protein levels measured in tape strips. Finally, we found no significant correlations between cytokine levels in tape strips and mRNA levels in skin biopsies.