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Comparison of 81mKrypton and 99mTc-Technegas for ventilation single-photon emission computed tomography in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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INTRODUCTION: Ventilation and perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography combined with computed tomography (SPECT/CT) is a powerful tool to assess the state of the lungs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 81mKrypton is a gaseous ventilation tracer and distributes similarly to air, but is not widely available and relatively expensive. 99mTc-Technegas is cheaper and has wider availability, but is an aerosol, which may deposit in hot spots as the severity of COPD increases. In this study, 81mKrypton and 99mTc-Technegas were compared quantitatively in patients with severe COPD.

METHODS: The penetration ratio, the heterogeneity index (with and without band filtering for relevant clinical sizes) and hot spot appearance were assessed in eleven patients with severe COPD that underwent simultaneous dual-isotope ventilation SPECT/CT with both 99mTc-Technegas and 81mKrypton.

RESULTS: Significant differences were found in the penetration ratio for the medium energy general purpose (MEGP) collimators, but not for the low energy general purpose (LEGP) collimators. The difference in the overall and the band filtered heterogeneity index was significant in most cases. All patients suffered from 99mTc-Technegas hot spots in at least one lung. Comparison of MEGP 81mKrypton and LEGP Technegas scans revealed similar results as the comparison for the MEGP collimators.

CONCLUSION: Caution should be taken when replacing 81mKrypton with 99mTc-Technegas as a ventilation tracer in patients with severe COPD as there are significant differences in the distribution of the tracers over the lungs. Furthermore, this patient group is prone to 99mTc-Technegas hot spots and might need additional scanning if hot spots severely hamper image interpretation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNuclear Medicine Communications
Vol/bind42
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)160-168
Antal sider9
ISSN0143-3636
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2021

ID: 61545947