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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Colonic fermentation of ispaghula, wheat bran, glucose, and albumin to short-chain fatty acids and ammonia evaluated in vitro in 50 subjects

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  • P B Mortensen
  • M R Clausen
  • H Bonnén
  • H Hove
  • K Holtug
Vis graf over relationer

The production of short-chain fatty acids and ammonia was measured in 16.6% fecal homogenates from 50 subjects incubated at 37 degrees C for 6 and 24 hours. All 50 homogenates produced ammonia and short-chain fatty acids of any chain length (C2-C5). Incubation for 24 hours with dietary fiber (ispaghula husk or wheat bran), albumin, or glucose (10 mg/mL) increased the short-chain fatty acid production (43.6 +/- 2.8, 45.4 +/- 2.0, 60.3 +/- 3.2, and 65.8 +/- 3.1 mmol/L, respectively) compared with controls (21.4 +/- 1.3 mmol/L). The degradation of different substrates was associated with the production of different amounts of ammonia and short-chain fatty acids. Ispaghula, wheat bran, albumin, and glucose were fermented to acetate (> 2 mmol/L; 24-hour incubations) in 86%, 96%, 98%, and 98% of the homogenates, to propionate in 80%, 76%, 100%, and 68%, and to butyrate in 32%, 94%, 88%, and 54% of the homogenates, respectively. Isobutyrate, valerate, and isovalerate were produced from albumin in all (100%) of the homogenates, but only in 2 to 4% of the homogenates incubated with ispaghula or glucose. Ammonia was always (100%) produced after the addition of albumin and always (98%) consumed (assimilated) when glucose was fermented. Surgery (sigmoid or right- or left-sided colonic resection) did not change the pattern of ammonia and short-chain fatty acid production from these substrates. This study suggests that the different colonic flora from a large number of subjects share general biochemical characteristics, which metabolize different substrates to specific patterns of ammonia and short-chain fatty acids.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)433-9
Antal sider7
ISSN0148-6071
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 1992

ID: 53474940