Cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: a systematic review of meta-analyses

Beatrice Bortolato, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Cristiano A Köhler, Eduard Vieta, André F Carvalho

206 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitive impairment is a core feature of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). A neurocognitive profile characterized by widespread cognitive deficits across multiple domains in the context of substantial intellectual impairment, which appears to antedate illness onset, is a replicated finding in SZ. There is no specific neuropsychological signature that can facilitate the diagnostic differentiation of SZ and BD, notwithstanding, neuropsychological deficits appear more severe in SZ. The literature in this field has provided contradictory results due to methodological differences across studies. Meta-analytic techniques may offer an opportunity to synthesize findings and to control for potential sources of heterogeneity. Here, we performed a systematic review of meta-analyses of neuropsychological findings in SZ and BD. While there is no conclusive evidence for progressive cognitive deterioration in either SZ or BD, some findings point to more severe cognitive deficits in patients with early illness onset across both disorders. A compromised pattern of cognitive functioning in individuals at familiar and/or clinical risk to psychosis as well as in first-degree relatives of BD patients suggests that early neurodevelopmental factors may play a role in the emergence of cognitive deficits in both disorders. Premorbid intellectual impairment in SZ and at least in a subgroup of patients with BD may be related to a shared genetically determined influence on neurodevelopment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Vol/bind11
Sider (fra-til)3111-25
Antal sider15
ISSN1176-6328
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

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