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Clonidine in pediatric anesthesia: the new panacea or a drug still looking for an indication?

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clonidine, an α2-receptor agonist is a widely used drug in pediatrics with a large scope of indications ranging from prevention of postoperative emergence agitation, analgesia, anxiolysis, sedation, weaning to shivering. In the era of 'opioid-free' medicine with much attention be directed toward increasing problems with opioid use, clonidine due to its global availability, low cost and safety profile has become an even more interesting option.

RECENT FINDINGS: Increasing evidence from randomised clinical trials support the use of clonidine in healthy children in the perioperative setting. Clonidine appears to significantly reduce postoperative emergence agitation, opioid consumption, shivering, nausea and vomiting. In addition, emerging evidence support the use of clonidine for sedation of critically ill children in ICUs. In this review, the current evidence for clonidine in pediatrics is described and analyzed including a meta-analysis for prevention of emergence agitation.

SUMMARY: Clonidine appears a safe and beneficial drug with moderate to high-quality evidence supporting its use in pediatric anesthesia. However, for some indications and populations such as children younger than 12 months old and those with hemodynamic instability, there is an urgent need for high-quality trials.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)327-333
Antal sider7
ISSN0952-7907
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

ID: 58926360