Clinical implications of residual growth hormone (GH) response to provocative testing in adults with severe GH deficiency

Georg Brabant, Ase Krogh Rasmussen, Beverly M K Biller, Michael Buchfelder, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Kristin Forssmann, Bjorn Jonsson, Maria Koltowska-Haggstrom, Dominique Maiter, Bernhard Saller, Andy Toogood

    Abstract

    CONTEXT: The diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) in adults is based on provocative tests of GH release, all influenced by clinical factors. It is unknown whether the amount of residual GH reserve under the cutoff value has any physiological implication.

    OBJECTIVES: We used a large pharmacoepidemiological database of adult GHD (KIMS) and tested the impact of confounding factors on GH release of no greater than 3 microg/liter after an insulin tolerance test (ITT) and evaluated its potential physiological role.

    DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PATIENTS: A total of 1098 patients fulfilled the criteria of having a GH peak of no greater than 3 microg/liter during ITT as well as documented IGF-I levels.

    OUTCOMES: The impact of underlying hypothalamic-pituitary disease, age, gender, body weight, as well as treatment modalities such as irradiation on peak GH level to ITT was evaluated, and the correlations between GH peak and targets of GH action were analyzed.

    RESULTS: The GH response to ITT was regulated by gender, age, and the number of additional pituitary deficiencies. In a multivariate evaluation, the extent of hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction was the most important single predictor of GH peak in ITT. GH peaks in ITT were positively related to IGF-I levels and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, as well as inversely to triglycerides.

    CONCLUSIONS: Even in adult severe GHD, GH release appears to be regulated by factors defined to play an important role in normal GH secretion. The impact of very low GH release on IGF-I and lipid parameters indicates a persistent physiological role of low GH concentrations in severely affected patients with GHD.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
    Vol/bind92
    Udgave nummer7
    Sider (fra-til)2604-9
    Antal sider6
    ISSN0021-972X
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jul. 2007

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