Citrullination of myelin basic protein induces a Th17-cell response in healthy individuals and enhances the presentation of MBP85-99 in patients with multiple sclerosis

María Teresa Martín Monreal, Bjarke E Hansen, Pernille F Iversen, Christian Enevold, Niels Ødum, Finn Sellebjerg, Peter Højrup, Marina Rode von Essen, Claus H Nielsen*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

The post-translational modification citrullination has been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Myelin basic protein (MBP) is a candidate autoantigen which is citrullinated to a minor extent under physiological conditions and hypercitrullinated in MS. We examined immune cell responses elicited by hypercitrullinated MBP (citMBP) in cultures of mononuclear cells from 18 patients with MS and 42 healthy donors (HDs). The immunodominant peptide of MBP, MBP85-99, containing citrulline in position 99, outcompeted the binding of native MBP85-99 to HLA-DR15, which is strongly linked to MS. Moreover, using the monoclonal antibody MK16 as probe, we observed that B cells and monocytes from HLA-DR15+ patients with MS presented MBP85-99 more efficiently after challenge with citMBP than with native MBP. Both citMBP and native MBP induced proliferation of CD4+ T cells from patients with MS as well as TNF-α production by their B cells and CD4+ T cells, and citrullination of MBP tended to enhance TNF-α secretion by CD4+ T cells from HLA-DR15+ patients. Unlike native MBP, citMBP induced differentiation into Th17 cells in cultures from HDs, while neither form of MBP induced Th17-cell differentiation in cultures from patients with MS. These data suggest a role for citrullination in the breach of tolerance to MBP in healthy individuals and in maintenance of the autoimmune response to MBP in patients with MS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer103092
TidsskriftJournal of Autoimmunity
Vol/bind139
ISSN0896-8411
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2023

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Citrullination of myelin basic protein induces a Th17-cell response in healthy individuals and enhances the presentation of MBP85-99 in patients with multiple sclerosis'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater