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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infection impairs murine S100A8/A9 and neutrophil effector cytokines-implications for delayed wound closure?

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  4. Editorial comment

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Vis graf over relationer

The impact of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infections in chronic wounds and clinical implication for healing is receiving increased attention. However, the pathophysiology of host/pathogen interplay is not fully understood. By further revealing the mechanisms, necessary new treatment strategies may be identified. Since the background for chronic wounds is diverse, representative animal models are important. We assessed host response and spontaneous wound closure in the relatively resistant C3H/HeN and the susceptible BALB/c mouse strain. Full-thickness burn wounds were inflicted in 108 mice. Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm (106 colony forming units) was injected subcutaneously in 72 mice, euthanised day 4, 7 or 10 days post-infection. Wounds were analysed for neutrophil host response markers: S100A8/A9, keratinocyte-derived chemokine and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Total peripheral blood leucocyte and polymorphonuclear count were assessed in parallel. Histopathology evaluated wound inflammatory burden. Photoplanimetry described macroscopical wound closure. Stable chronic wound infection was established in all challenged mice. Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm suppressed neutrophil host response in wounds. C3H/HeN mice achieved earlier systemic inflammatory control and healed faster than BALB/c mice. Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms perturb host defence thereby inducing a steady state of chronic infection which may impair wound healing. These results indicate therapeutic options for immune modulation of biofilm-infected wounds.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPathogens and Disease
Vol/bind75
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)ftx068
ISSN2049-632X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 29 sep. 2017

ID: 52096992