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Causes and Risk Factors of Pediatric Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage-A Systematic Review

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@article{7925e1644ba44162b4ecbcf9409e4d27,
title = "Causes and Risk Factors of Pediatric Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage-A Systematic Review",
abstract = "Previous studies suggest that the most common cause of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in children and adolescents is arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, an update containing recently published data on pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages is lacking. The aim of this study is to systematically analyze the published data on the etiologies and risk factors of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. This systematic review was performed in compliance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A search in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library was conducted aiming for articles published in year 2000 and later, containing data on etiology and risk factors of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages in unselected cohorts of patients aged between 1 month and 18 years. As a result, forty studies were eligible for data extraction and final analysis. These included 7931 children and adolescents with 4009 reported etiologies and risk factors. A marked variety of reported etiologies and risk factors among studies was observed. Vascular etiologies were the most frequently reported cause of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages (n = 1727, 43.08% of all identified etiologies or risk factors), with AVMs being the most common vascular cause (n = 1226, 70.99% of all vascular causes). Hematological and systemic causes, brain tumors, intracranial infections and cardiac causes were less commonly encountered risk factors and etiologies.",
author = "Ciochon, {Urszula Maria} and Bindslev, {Julie Bolette Brix} and Hoei-Hansen, {Christina Engel} and Truelsen, {Thomas Clement} and Larsen, {Vibeke Andr{\'e}e} and Nielsen, {Michael Bachmann} and Hansen, {Adam Espe}",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "13",
doi = "10.3390/diagnostics12061459",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Diagnostics",
issn = "2075-4418",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Causes and Risk Factors of Pediatric Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage-A Systematic Review

AU - Ciochon, Urszula Maria

AU - Bindslev, Julie Bolette Brix

AU - Hoei-Hansen, Christina Engel

AU - Truelsen, Thomas Clement

AU - Larsen, Vibeke Andrée

AU - Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

AU - Hansen, Adam Espe

PY - 2022/6/13

Y1 - 2022/6/13

N2 - Previous studies suggest that the most common cause of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in children and adolescents is arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, an update containing recently published data on pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages is lacking. The aim of this study is to systematically analyze the published data on the etiologies and risk factors of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. This systematic review was performed in compliance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A search in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library was conducted aiming for articles published in year 2000 and later, containing data on etiology and risk factors of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages in unselected cohorts of patients aged between 1 month and 18 years. As a result, forty studies were eligible for data extraction and final analysis. These included 7931 children and adolescents with 4009 reported etiologies and risk factors. A marked variety of reported etiologies and risk factors among studies was observed. Vascular etiologies were the most frequently reported cause of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages (n = 1727, 43.08% of all identified etiologies or risk factors), with AVMs being the most common vascular cause (n = 1226, 70.99% of all vascular causes). Hematological and systemic causes, brain tumors, intracranial infections and cardiac causes were less commonly encountered risk factors and etiologies.

AB - Previous studies suggest that the most common cause of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in children and adolescents is arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, an update containing recently published data on pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages is lacking. The aim of this study is to systematically analyze the published data on the etiologies and risk factors of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. This systematic review was performed in compliance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A search in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Library was conducted aiming for articles published in year 2000 and later, containing data on etiology and risk factors of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages in unselected cohorts of patients aged between 1 month and 18 years. As a result, forty studies were eligible for data extraction and final analysis. These included 7931 children and adolescents with 4009 reported etiologies and risk factors. A marked variety of reported etiologies and risk factors among studies was observed. Vascular etiologies were the most frequently reported cause of pediatric spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages (n = 1727, 43.08% of all identified etiologies or risk factors), with AVMs being the most common vascular cause (n = 1226, 70.99% of all vascular causes). Hematological and systemic causes, brain tumors, intracranial infections and cardiac causes were less commonly encountered risk factors and etiologies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85132395931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/diagnostics12061459

DO - 10.3390/diagnostics12061459

M3 - Review

C2 - 35741269

VL - 12

JO - Diagnostics

JF - Diagnostics

SN - 2075-4418

IS - 6

M1 - 1459

ER -

ID: 79083341