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Cardiac ventricular sizes are reduced in patients with long-term, normoalbuminuric type 1 diabetes compared to the non-diabetic background population

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AIMS:: Type 1 diabetes entails increased cardiovascular morbidity and cardiac chamber sizes are associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to compare cardiac chamber sizes in normoalbuminuric persons with type 1 diabetes to a background population without diabetes.

METHODS:: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 71 normoalbuminuric persons with long-term type 1 diabetes without known cardiovascular disease using cardiac multi-detector computed tomography. Cardiac chamber sizes and left ventricular remodelling were compared to persons without diabetes from the Copenhagen General Population Study.

RESULTS:: Participants were median (interquartile range) 54 (48-60) (type 1 diabetes) and 57 (50-64) (without diabetes) years old and 59% were men (both groups). Participants with type 1 diabetes had smaller left ventricular mass (-3.5 g/m2, 95% confidence interval -5.8 to -1.3) and left (-4.0 mL/m2, 95% confidence interval -6.9 to -1.0) and right (-11.7 mL/m2, 95% confidence interval -15.4 to -7.9) ventricular volumes in multivariable analyses (adjusted for age, sex, body composition, blood pressure and antihypertensive medication), but no differences in atrial volumes.

CONCLUSION:: Persons with long-term type 1 diabetes had smaller left ventricular mass and biventricular volumes, yet similar atrial sizes, compared to a background population without diabetes. These findings may reflect subclinical development of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes and Vascular Disease Research
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)289-296
Antal sider8
ISSN1479-1641
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2019

ID: 56416702