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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Can Surgeons Reduce the Risk for Dislocation After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Performed Using the Posterolateral Approach?

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BACKGROUND: Hip dislocation is one of the most common postoperative complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Potential contributors include patient- and surgical-related factors. We performed a retrospective cohort study to identify risk factors for postoperative dislocation in patients receiving THA via the posterolateral approach.

METHODS: We assessed 1326 consecutive primary THAs performed between 2010 and 2015. Patient information was documented, and plain radiographic films were used to evaluate cup positioning, hip offset, and hip length change. A multiple logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for dislocation. Follow-up was coordinated by the Danish National Patient Registry.

RESULTS: Age and American Society of Anesthesiologists scores were higher in dislocating THA compared with those in the nondislocating THA. Cup anteversion was less in dislocating THA compared with that in nondislocating THA. Independent risk factors for cup dislocation were increased age, body mass index <25 and >30 kg/m(2), and leg shortening of >5 mm.

CONCLUSION: Surgeons should aim for a shortening of leg length <5 mm to reduce the risk of postoperative dislocation in primary THA. Although anteversion was reduced for dislocating THA, there is likely no universal safe zone for cup positioning. Hip stability is multifactorial, and optimal cup positioning may vary from patient to patient.

TidsskriftThe Journal of arthroplasty
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)3141-3146
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2017

ID: 50611788