Calcaneal positioning in equinus immobilization of the ankle joint: A comparison of common orthoses used in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures

Rasmus Kramer Mikkelsen, Sanja Somodi, Per Hölmich, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod

3 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Orthoses are an important part of both conservative and operative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture as they can be used to position the foot in equinus and protect the torn tendon from strain in the healing phase. The aim of the study was to test four different orthoses ability to position the foot in equinus. The study was performed as a cross-sectional study. 15 healthy study participants underwent radiographic examination with 11 true lateral radiographs of the right ankle and foot, one with the ankle joint in neutral position; one of a circular equinus cast (CEC); three of an adjustable equinus boot (AEB) with the foot in 30°, 15°, and 0° of plantar flexion, respectively; three of a fixed angle orthosis with 1, 2, and 3 wedges with a plateau (WWP); and three of a fixed angle orthosis with 1, 2, and 3 wedges without plateau (WWOP). The primary outcome was the Achilles Relief Distance (ARD). Secondary outcomes were the tibiocalcaneal angle (TCA), the tibiotalar angle (TTA), and the tibio- 1st metatarsal angle (1MTP). All measurements were performed by a radiologist. The mean (SD) ARD was 11 mm (7) in CEC, 23 mm (6) with 3 WWP, 11 mm (5) with 3 WWOP, and 15 mm (5) using AEB in 30° of plantarflexion. The mean (SD) TCA was 86° (7,8) in CEC, 76° (7,3) with 3 WWP, 90° (6,9) with 3 WWOP, and 84° (6,6) using the AEB in 30° of plantarflexion. CEC, AEB, and WWOP showed statistically significantly larger plantarflexion than WWP. CEC, AEB and WWOP produced significantly greater plantarflexion compared to WWP.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftFoot and Ankle Surgery
Vol/bind28
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1314-1320
Antal sider7
ISSN1268-7731
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 7 dec. 2022

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