Breast Cancer Screening in Denmark: A Cohort Study of Tumor Size and Overdiagnosis

Karsten Juhl Jørgensen, Peter C Gøtzsche, Mette Kalager, Per-Henrik Zahl

    99 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Effective breast cancer screening should detect early-stage cancer and prevent advanced disease.

    Objective: To assess the association between screening and the size of detected tumors and to estimate overdiagnosis (detection of tumors that would not become clinically relevant).

    Design: Cohort study.

    Setting: Denmark from 1980 to 2010.

    Participants: Women aged 35 to 84 years.

    Intervention: Screening programs offering biennial mammography for women aged 50 to 69 years beginning in different regions at different times.

    Measurements: Trends in the incidence of advanced (>20 mm) and nonadvanced (≤20 mm) breast cancer tumors in screened and nonscreened women were measured. Two approaches were used to estimate the amount of overdiagnosis: comparing the incidence of advanced and nonadvanced tumors among women aged 50 to 84 years in screening and nonscreening areas; and comparing the incidence for nonadvanced tumors among women aged 35 to 49, 50 to 69, and 70 to 84 years in screening and nonscreening areas.

    Results: Screening was not associated with lower incidence of advanced tumors. The incidence of nonadvanced tumors increased in the screening versus prescreening periods (incidence rate ratio, 1.49 [95% CI, 1.43 to 1.54]). The first estimation approach found that 271 invasive breast cancer tumors and 179 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions were overdiagnosed in 2010 (overdiagnosis rate of 24.4% [including DCIS] and 14.7% [excluding DCIS]). The second approach, which accounted for regional differences in women younger than the screening age, found that 711 invasive tumors and 180 cases of DCIS were overdiagnosed in 2010 (overdiagnosis rate of 48.3% [including DCIS] and 38.6% [excluding DCIS]).

    Limitation: Regional differences complicate interpretation.

    Conclusion: Breast cancer screening was not associated with a reduction in the incidence of advanced cancer. It is likely that 1 in every 3 invasive tumors and cases of DCIS diagnosed in women offered screening represent overdiagnosis (incidence increase of 48.3%).

    Primary Funding Source: None.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftAnnals of Internal Medicine
    Vol/bind166
    Udgave nummer5
    Sider (fra-til)313-323
    Antal sider11
    ISSN0003-4819
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 7 mar. 2017

    Fingeraftryk

    Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Breast Cancer Screening in Denmark: A Cohort Study of Tumor Size and Overdiagnosis'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

    Citationsformater