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Bone-microarchitecture and bone-strength in a sample of adults with hypophosphatasia and a matched reference population assessed by HR-pQCT and impact microindentation

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@article{ca8513e8e9694a94a134fe38d9ec6eaf,
title = "Bone-microarchitecture and bone-strength in a sample of adults with hypophosphatasia and a matched reference population assessed by HR-pQCT and impact microindentation",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an autosomal recessive or dominate disease affecting bone mineralization, and adults with HPP are in risk to develop metatarsal stress fractures and femoral pseudofractures. Given to the scarce data on the bone quality and its association to the fracture risk in adults with HPP, this study aimed to evaluate bone turnover, bone strength and structure in adults with HPP.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 14 adults with genetically verified HPP and 14 sex-, age-, BMI-, and menopausal status-matched reference individuals. We analyzed bone turnover markers, and measured bone material strength index (BMSi) by impact microindentation. Bone geometry, volumetric density and bone microarchitecture as well as failure load at the distal radius and tibia were evaluated using a second-generation high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography system.RESULTS: Bone turnover markers did not differ between patients with HPP and reference individuals. BMSi did not differ between the groups (67.90 [63.75-76.00] vs 65.45 [58.43-69.55], p = 0.149). Parameters of bone geometry and volumetric density did not differ between adults with HPP and the reference group. Patients with HPP had a tendency toward higher trabecular separation (0.664 [0.613-0.724] mm vs 0.620 [0.578-0.659] mm, p = 0.054) and inhomogeneity of trabecular network (0.253 [0.235-0.283] mm vs 0.229 [0.208-0.252] mm, p = 0.056) as well as lower trabecular bone volume fraction (18.8 [16.4-22.7] % vs 22.8 [20.6-24.7] %, p = 0.054) at the distal radius. In addition, compound heterozygous adults with HPP had a significantly higher cortical porosity at the distal radius than reference individuals (1.5 [0.9-2.2] % vs 0.7 [0.6-0.7] %, p = 0.041).CONCLUSIONS: BMSi is not reduced in adults with HPP. Increased cortical porosity may contribute to the occurrence of femoral pseudofractures in compound heterozygous adults with HPP. However, further studies investigating larger cohorts of adults with HPP using methods of bone histomorphometry are recommended to adequately assess the bone quality in adults with HPP.",
keywords = "ALPL, BMSi, Bone microarchitecture, Bone turnover, Fracture, HPP",
author = "Nicola Hepp and Lars Folkestad and Simone M{\o}lleb{\ae}k and Frederiksen, {Anja Lisbeth} and Morten Duno and J{\o}rgensen, {Niklas Rye} and Hermann, {Anne Pernille} and Jensen, {Jens-Erik Beck}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.bone.2022.116420",
language = "English",
volume = "160",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Bone",
issn = "1873-2763",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bone-microarchitecture and bone-strength in a sample of adults with hypophosphatasia and a matched reference population assessed by HR-pQCT and impact microindentation

AU - Hepp, Nicola

AU - Folkestad, Lars

AU - Møllebæk, Simone

AU - Frederiksen, Anja Lisbeth

AU - Duno, Morten

AU - Jørgensen, Niklas Rye

AU - Hermann, Anne Pernille

AU - Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

N1 - Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an autosomal recessive or dominate disease affecting bone mineralization, and adults with HPP are in risk to develop metatarsal stress fractures and femoral pseudofractures. Given to the scarce data on the bone quality and its association to the fracture risk in adults with HPP, this study aimed to evaluate bone turnover, bone strength and structure in adults with HPP.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 14 adults with genetically verified HPP and 14 sex-, age-, BMI-, and menopausal status-matched reference individuals. We analyzed bone turnover markers, and measured bone material strength index (BMSi) by impact microindentation. Bone geometry, volumetric density and bone microarchitecture as well as failure load at the distal radius and tibia were evaluated using a second-generation high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography system.RESULTS: Bone turnover markers did not differ between patients with HPP and reference individuals. BMSi did not differ between the groups (67.90 [63.75-76.00] vs 65.45 [58.43-69.55], p = 0.149). Parameters of bone geometry and volumetric density did not differ between adults with HPP and the reference group. Patients with HPP had a tendency toward higher trabecular separation (0.664 [0.613-0.724] mm vs 0.620 [0.578-0.659] mm, p = 0.054) and inhomogeneity of trabecular network (0.253 [0.235-0.283] mm vs 0.229 [0.208-0.252] mm, p = 0.056) as well as lower trabecular bone volume fraction (18.8 [16.4-22.7] % vs 22.8 [20.6-24.7] %, p = 0.054) at the distal radius. In addition, compound heterozygous adults with HPP had a significantly higher cortical porosity at the distal radius than reference individuals (1.5 [0.9-2.2] % vs 0.7 [0.6-0.7] %, p = 0.041).CONCLUSIONS: BMSi is not reduced in adults with HPP. Increased cortical porosity may contribute to the occurrence of femoral pseudofractures in compound heterozygous adults with HPP. However, further studies investigating larger cohorts of adults with HPP using methods of bone histomorphometry are recommended to adequately assess the bone quality in adults with HPP.

AB - BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an autosomal recessive or dominate disease affecting bone mineralization, and adults with HPP are in risk to develop metatarsal stress fractures and femoral pseudofractures. Given to the scarce data on the bone quality and its association to the fracture risk in adults with HPP, this study aimed to evaluate bone turnover, bone strength and structure in adults with HPP.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 14 adults with genetically verified HPP and 14 sex-, age-, BMI-, and menopausal status-matched reference individuals. We analyzed bone turnover markers, and measured bone material strength index (BMSi) by impact microindentation. Bone geometry, volumetric density and bone microarchitecture as well as failure load at the distal radius and tibia were evaluated using a second-generation high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography system.RESULTS: Bone turnover markers did not differ between patients with HPP and reference individuals. BMSi did not differ between the groups (67.90 [63.75-76.00] vs 65.45 [58.43-69.55], p = 0.149). Parameters of bone geometry and volumetric density did not differ between adults with HPP and the reference group. Patients with HPP had a tendency toward higher trabecular separation (0.664 [0.613-0.724] mm vs 0.620 [0.578-0.659] mm, p = 0.054) and inhomogeneity of trabecular network (0.253 [0.235-0.283] mm vs 0.229 [0.208-0.252] mm, p = 0.056) as well as lower trabecular bone volume fraction (18.8 [16.4-22.7] % vs 22.8 [20.6-24.7] %, p = 0.054) at the distal radius. In addition, compound heterozygous adults with HPP had a significantly higher cortical porosity at the distal radius than reference individuals (1.5 [0.9-2.2] % vs 0.7 [0.6-0.7] %, p = 0.041).CONCLUSIONS: BMSi is not reduced in adults with HPP. Increased cortical porosity may contribute to the occurrence of femoral pseudofractures in compound heterozygous adults with HPP. However, further studies investigating larger cohorts of adults with HPP using methods of bone histomorphometry are recommended to adequately assess the bone quality in adults with HPP.

KW - ALPL

KW - BMSi

KW - Bone microarchitecture

KW - Bone turnover

KW - Fracture

KW - HPP

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85128223568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bone.2022.116420

DO - 10.1016/j.bone.2022.116420

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35421614

VL - 160

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Bone

JF - Bone

SN - 1873-2763

M1 - 116420

ER -

ID: 77840079