Bioimpedance spectroscopy fluid analysis in acute high-risk abdominal surgery, a prospective clinician-blinded observational feasibility study

M Cihoric*, H Kehlet, J Højlund, M L Lauritsen, K Kanstrup, N B Foss

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective assessment of fluid status in critical surgical care may help optimize perioperative fluid administration and prevent postoperative fluid retention. We evaluated the feasibility of hydration status and fluid distribution assessment by Bioimpedance spectroscopy Analysis (BIA) in patients undergoing acute high-risk abdominal (AHA) surgery. This observational study included 73 patients undergoing AHA surgery. During the observational period (0-120 h), we registered BIA calculated absolute fluid overload (AFO) and relative fluid overload (RFO), defined as AFO/extracellular water ratio, as well as cumulative fluid balance and weight. Based on RFO values, hydration status was classified into three categories: dehydrated (RFO <  - 10%), normohydrated (- 10% ≤ RFO ≤  + 15%), overhydrated RFO > 15%. We performed a total of 365 BIA measurements. Preoperative overhydration was found in 16% of patients, increasing to 66% by postoperative day five. The changes in BIA measured AFO correlated with the cumulative fluid balance (r2 = 0.44, p < .001), and change in weight (r2 = 0.55, p < .0001). Perioperative overhydration measured with BIA was associated with worse outcome compared to patients with normo- or dehydration. We have demonstrated the feasibility of obtaining perioperative bedside BIA measurements in patients undergoing AHA surgery. BIA measurements correlated with fluid balance, weight changes, and postoperative clinical complications. BIA-assessed fluid status might add helpful information to guide fluid management in patients undergoing AHA surgery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)619-627
Antal sider9
ISSN1387-1307
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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