Bilateral Vertebral Artery Vasculitis-A Rare Manifestation of Giant Cell Arteritis and a Difficult Diagnosis Made Possible by 2-[18F]FDG PET/CT

Abstract

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of large vessel vasculitis. GCA is a medical and ophthalmological emergency, and rapid diagnosis and treatment with high-dose corticosteroids is critical in order to reduce the risk of stroke and sudden irreversible loss of vision. GCA can be difficult to diagnose due to insidious and unspecific symptoms-especially if typical superficial extracranial arteries are not affected. In these cases, verification of clinical diagnosis using temporal artery biopsy is not possible. This example illustrates the diagnostic value of hybrid imaging with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (2-[18F]FDG PET/CT), and the limitations of the temporal artery biopsy in bilateral vertebral GCA, causing transient ischemic attack in the visual cortex. In addition it indicates that inflammation in the artery wall can be visualized on 2-[18F]FDG PET/CT despite long term and ongoing high dose glucocorticoid treatment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer879
TidsskriftDiagnostics
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer5
Antal sider3
ISSN2075-4418
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14 maj 2021

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