Benefit of respiratory gating in the Danish Breast Cancer Group partial breast irradiation trial

Kristine W Høgsbjerg*, Else Maae, Mette H Nielsen, Lars Stenbygaard, Anders N Pedersen, Esben Yates, Martin Berg, Ebbe L Lorenzen, Ingelise Jensen, Mirjana Josipovic, Mette S Thomsen, Birgitte V Offersen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Partial breast irradiation (PBI)has beenthe Danish Breast Cancer Group(DBCG) standard for selected breast cancer patients since 2016 based onearlyresults from the DBCG PBI trial.During trial accrual, respiratory-gated radiotherapy was introduced in Denmark. This study aims to investigate the effect of respiratory-gating on mean heart dose (MHD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2009 to 2016 the DBCG PBI trial included 230 patientswith left-sided breast cancer receiving external beam PBI, 40 Gy/15 fractions/3 weeks.Localization of the tumor bed on the planning CT scan, the use of respiratory-gating, coverage of the clinical target volume (CTV), and doses to organs at risk were collected.

RESULTS: Respiratory-gating was used in 123 patients (53 %). In 176 patients (77 %) the tumor bed was in the upper and in 54 patients (23 %) in the lower breast quadrants. The median MHD was 0.37 Gy (interquartile range 0.26-0.57 Gy), 0.33 Gy (0.23-0.49 Gy) for respiratory-gating, and 0.49 Gy (0.31-0.70 Gy) for free breathing, p < 0.0001. MHD was < 1 Gy in 206 patients (90 %) and < 2 Gy in 221 patients (96 %). Respiratory-gating led to significantly lower MHD for upper-located, but not for lower-located tumor beds, however, all MHD were low irrespective of respiratory-gating. Respiratory-gating did not improve CTV coverage or lower lung doses.

CONCLUSIONS: PBI ensured a low MHD for most patients. Adding respiratory-gating further reduced MHD for upper-located but not for lower-located tumor beds but did not influence target coverage or lung doses. Respiratory-gating is no longer DBCG standard for left-sided PBI.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer110195
TidsskriftRadiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Vol/bind194
Sider (fra-til)110195
ISSN0167-8140
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 3 mar. 2024

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