B-type natriuretic peptide and its precursor in cardiac venous blood from failing hearts

Jens Peter Goetze, Jens F Rehfeld, Regitze Videbaek, Lennart Friis-Hansen, Jens Kastrup

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP-32) and its precursor (proBNP) are increased in chronic heart failure. Accordingly, BNP-32 and proBNP are both being implemented as clinical markers.

AIM: To determine the molar relation of BNP-32 and proBNP in different cardiovascular regions.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood samples were obtained from different cardiovascular regions during right heart catheterization in heart failure patients, and from normal subjects. Plasma BNP-32 and proBNP concentrations were measured using sequence-specific radioimmunoassays. Patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (n=21) displayed increased peripheral plasma concentrations of both BNP-32 (four-fold, P=0.0008) and proBNP (seven-fold, P=0.0002) compared with normal subjects. Moreover, the peripheral concentrations were highly correlated with the corresponding concentrations in the coronary sinus (BNP-32: r=0.97, P<0.0001; proBNP: r=0.94, P<0.0001). Despite comparable peripheral concentrations of BNP-32 and proBNP, the BNP-32 concentration was higher than the proBNP concentration in the coronary sinus (median 126 pmol/l (21-993) vs. 103 pmol/l (16-691), P=0.035).

CONCLUSIONS: The BNP-32 and proBNP concentrations are closely related in venous cardiac blood. The findings suggest an overall constitutive secretion of processed proBNP, i.e. an N-terminal precursor fragment and BNP-32, in chronic heart failure.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)69-74
Antal sider6
ISSN1388-9842
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2005
Udgivet eksterntJa

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