Atherosclerotic Lesions in the Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) Characterized with Velocity Ratios using Vector Velocity Ultrasound

Peter Møller Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen, Mads Møller Pedersen, Theis Lange, Lars Lönn, Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen

Abstract

Purpose: Atherosclerotic arteries are challenging to evaluate quantitatively using spectral Doppler ultrasound because of the turbulent flow conditions that occur in relation to the atherosclerotic stenoses. Vector velocity ultrasound is angle independent and provides flow information, which could potentially improve the diagnosis of arterial stenoses. The purpose of the study is to distinguish significant stenoses in the superficial femoral artery (> 50% diameter reduction) from non-significant stenoses based on velocity ratios derived from the commercially available vector velocity ultrasound technique Vector Flow Imaging (VFI).

Materials and Methods: Velocity ratios (intrastenotic blood flow velocity divided by pre- or poststenotic velocity) from a total of 16 atherosclerotic stenoses and plaques in the superficial femoral artery of 11 patients were obtained using VFI. The stenosis degree, expressed as percentage diameter reduction of the artery, was determined from digital subtraction angiography and compared to the velocity ratios.

Results: A velocity ratio of 2.5 was found to distinguish clinically relevant stenoses with>50% diameter reduction from clinically non-relevant stenoses with<50% diameter reduction and the difference was statistically significant.

Conclusion: The study indicates that VFI is a potential future tool for the evaluation of arterial stenoses.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftUltrasound International Open
Vol/bind4
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)E79-E84
ISSN2509-596X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2018

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