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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Associations of parents' use of food as reward with children's eating behaviour and BMI in a population-based cohort

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  5. Editorial statement

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  • Pauline W. Jansen
  • Ivonne P.M. Derks
  • Yuchan Mou
  • Elisabeth H.M. van Rijen
  • Romy Gaillard
  • Nadia Micali
  • Trudy Voortman
  • Manon H.J. Hillegers
Vis graf over relationer

Background: Parents' use of food as reward has been linked to children's dietary intake, but the association with children's eating behaviour and overweight risk is less clear. Objectives: To examine the temporal association of using food as reward with eating behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and weight status of children. Methods: Participants were 3642 children of the population-based Generation R Study in the Netherlands (8.3% overweight/obese). Repeated assessments were collected at child ages 4 and 9 years, including measured anthropometrics and parent reports on feeding practises and eating behaviour. Results: Linear regressions and cross-lagged models indicated that parents' use of food as reward at child age 4 years predicted Emotional Overeating and Picky Eating at age 9 years. Reversely, higher Emotional Overeating and Food Responsiveness scores were associated with more use of food as reward over time. Using food as reward was not associated with children's satiety response, BMI or overweight risk. Conclusions: A vicious cycle may appear in which children who display food approach behaviour are rewarded with food by their parents, which in turn might contribute to the development of unhealthy eating habits (emotional eating, fussiness). These findings warrant further research, to facilitate evidence-based recommendations for parents.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere12662
TidsskriftPediatric obesity
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer11
ISSN2047-6302
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2020
Eksternt udgivetJa

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
China Scholarship Council, Grant/Award Number: 201806240125; Dutch Diabetes Foundation, Grant/Award Number: 2017.81.002; Dutch Heart Foundation, Grant/Award Number: 2017T013; Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development, Grant/Award Numbers: 543003109, 636320005 Funding information

Funding Information:
The general design of Generation R Study is made possible by financial support from the Erasmus Medical Centre and the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMW), the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport and the Ministry of Youth and Families. The current study was made possible by grants from the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (Mental Health Care Research Program ‐ Fellowship 636320005 to PWJ; NWO, ZonMW, grant number 543003109 to RG), from the China Scholarship Council (PhD Fellowship 201806240125 for YM, CSC URL: http://www.csc.edu.cn/ ), from the Dutch Heart Foundation (grant number 2017 T013 to RG), and from the Dutch Diabetes Foundation (grant number 2017.81.002 to RG). The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study or the writing of the report.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Obesity Federation.

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