Association between prehospital physician involvement and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A Danish nationwide observational study

Annika Hamilton, Jacob Steinmetz, Mads Wissenberg, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Freddy K Lippert, Lars Hove, Nicolai Lohse

27 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: Sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an important public health problem. While several interventions are known to improve survival, the impact of physician-delivered advanced cardiac life support for OHCA is unclear. We aimed to assess the association between prehospital physician involvement and 30-day survival.

METHODS: Observational study including persons registered with first-time OHCA of any cause in the Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry during 2005-2012. We used logistic regression analysis to assess the association between 30-day survival and involvement of a physician at any time before arrival at the hospital. Secondary outcomes were 1-year survival and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) before arrival at the hospital. The associations were explored in three multivariable models: a model with simple adjustment, a model with multiple imputation of missing variables, and a propensity score model where exposed subjects were matched 1:1 with unexposed subjects on a propensity score reflecting the probability of being assigned to the exposure group.

RESULTS: 21,165 persons with OHCA during 2005-2012 were included. Overall, 10.8% of OHCA patients with physician involvement and 8.1% of OHCA patients without physician involvement before arrival at hospital were alive after 30 days, crude odds ratio (OR)=1.37 (95% CI=1.24-1.51), adjusted OR=1.18 (95% CI=1.04-1.34). Physician involvement was also positively associated with ROSC, OR=1.09 (95% CI=1.00-1.19); and with 1-year survival, OR=1.13 (95% CI=0.99-1.29).

CONCLUSION: In this large population-based observational study, we found prehospital physician involvement after OHCA associated with better 30-day survival. This association was also found for ROSC, but with less certainty for 1-year survival.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftResuscitation
Vol/bind108
Sider (fra-til)95-101
ISSN0300-9572
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

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