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Association Between Participant Retention and the Proportion of Included Elderly People in Rheumatology Trials: Results From a Series of Exploratory Meta-Regression Analyses

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@article{a8ea6c93a4014e3baa607ac1ced75985,
title = "Association Between Participant Retention and the Proportion of Included Elderly People in Rheumatology Trials: Results From a Series of Exploratory Meta-Regression Analyses",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The elderly, a population defined by an age of ≥65 years, are underrepresented in rheumatology trials, possibly due to investigators' concerns of increased premature discontinuations in higher age groups. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether the proportion of included elderly individuals (PE) is independently associated with participant retention in rheumatology trials.METHODS: Medline was searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) of any intervention (years 2016 and 2017). PE was either extracted from the research manuscript or estimated from an assumed (truncated) normal distribution. We used mixed-effects meta-regression models including several covariates to assess whether there is an independent association between PE and participant retention. Using sensitivity analyses, we evaluated whether associations were connected to attrition due to lack of efficacy (LoE) or adverse events (AE).RESULTS: In total, 243 RCTs comprising >48,000 participants were included. Pooled participant retention was 88{\%}. PE was not associated with retention in the unadjusted (P = 0.97) or adjusted (all: P ≥ 0.14) models. Of all covariates, only study duration and type of intervention were associated with retention (both: P < 0.001). Post hoc analyses allowing for interaction revealed a small but statistically significant positive association between PE and retention in pharmacologic interventions and a negative association in physical/physiotherapeutic interventions (overall P for interaction = 0.05). No associations were found for PE and attrition due to LoE or AE.CONCLUSION: Participant retention in RA and OA trials is high and not associated with PE. These findings should motivate investigators to include more elderly participants in rheumatology trials.",
author = "Andriko Palmowski and Nielsen, {Sabrina M} and Thomas Buttgereit and Yannick Palmowski and Maarten Boers and Robin Christensen and Frank Buttgereit",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Authors. Arthritis Care & Research published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Rheumatology.",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1002/acr.24051",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "1490--1496",
journal = "Arthritis Care & Research",
issn = "2151-464X",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association Between Participant Retention and the Proportion of Included Elderly People in Rheumatology Trials

T2 - Results From a Series of Exploratory Meta-Regression Analyses

AU - Palmowski, Andriko

AU - Nielsen, Sabrina M

AU - Buttgereit, Thomas

AU - Palmowski, Yannick

AU - Boers, Maarten

AU - Christensen, Robin

AU - Buttgereit, Frank

N1 - © 2019 The Authors. Arthritis Care & Research published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Rheumatology.

PY - 2020/10

Y1 - 2020/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The elderly, a population defined by an age of ≥65 years, are underrepresented in rheumatology trials, possibly due to investigators' concerns of increased premature discontinuations in higher age groups. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether the proportion of included elderly individuals (PE) is independently associated with participant retention in rheumatology trials.METHODS: Medline was searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) of any intervention (years 2016 and 2017). PE was either extracted from the research manuscript or estimated from an assumed (truncated) normal distribution. We used mixed-effects meta-regression models including several covariates to assess whether there is an independent association between PE and participant retention. Using sensitivity analyses, we evaluated whether associations were connected to attrition due to lack of efficacy (LoE) or adverse events (AE).RESULTS: In total, 243 RCTs comprising >48,000 participants were included. Pooled participant retention was 88%. PE was not associated with retention in the unadjusted (P = 0.97) or adjusted (all: P ≥ 0.14) models. Of all covariates, only study duration and type of intervention were associated with retention (both: P < 0.001). Post hoc analyses allowing for interaction revealed a small but statistically significant positive association between PE and retention in pharmacologic interventions and a negative association in physical/physiotherapeutic interventions (overall P for interaction = 0.05). No associations were found for PE and attrition due to LoE or AE.CONCLUSION: Participant retention in RA and OA trials is high and not associated with PE. These findings should motivate investigators to include more elderly participants in rheumatology trials.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The elderly, a population defined by an age of ≥65 years, are underrepresented in rheumatology trials, possibly due to investigators' concerns of increased premature discontinuations in higher age groups. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether the proportion of included elderly individuals (PE) is independently associated with participant retention in rheumatology trials.METHODS: Medline was searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) of any intervention (years 2016 and 2017). PE was either extracted from the research manuscript or estimated from an assumed (truncated) normal distribution. We used mixed-effects meta-regression models including several covariates to assess whether there is an independent association between PE and participant retention. Using sensitivity analyses, we evaluated whether associations were connected to attrition due to lack of efficacy (LoE) or adverse events (AE).RESULTS: In total, 243 RCTs comprising >48,000 participants were included. Pooled participant retention was 88%. PE was not associated with retention in the unadjusted (P = 0.97) or adjusted (all: P ≥ 0.14) models. Of all covariates, only study duration and type of intervention were associated with retention (both: P < 0.001). Post hoc analyses allowing for interaction revealed a small but statistically significant positive association between PE and retention in pharmacologic interventions and a negative association in physical/physiotherapeutic interventions (overall P for interaction = 0.05). No associations were found for PE and attrition due to LoE or AE.CONCLUSION: Participant retention in RA and OA trials is high and not associated with PE. These findings should motivate investigators to include more elderly participants in rheumatology trials.

U2 - 10.1002/acr.24051

DO - 10.1002/acr.24051

M3 - Journal article

VL - 72

SP - 1490

EP - 1496

JO - Arthritis Care & Research

JF - Arthritis Care & Research

SN - 2151-464X

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 61194308