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Association between human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) and human neutrophil antigens (HNAs) and autoimmune neutropenia of infancy in Danish patients

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  • Kaspar René Nielsen
  • Signe Rolskov Bojsen
  • Tania Nicole Masmas
  • Anne-Louise Fjordside
  • John Baech
  • Thure Mors Haunstrup
  • Rudi Steffensen
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BACKGROUND: Autoimmune neutropenia of infancy (AIN) is a frequent cause of neutropenia in children. The disease is caused by antibodies against epitopes on the immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc receptor type 3b (FcγIIIb). We investigated the possible association of human neutrophil antigens (HNA), human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR, and HLA-DQ alleles with AIN and the association of these genotypes with the presence of autoantibodies.

METHODS: Eighty AIN cases with a median age of 13.5 months were included. Controls were healthy unrelated Danish blood donors. Anti-HNA-1a autoantibodies were detected using a flow cytometric granulocyte immunofluorescence test (Flow-GIFT) with phenotyped donor cells for detection of antibody specificity. Molecular determination of HNA genotypes was determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR). High-resolution HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 were determined by next-generation sequencing.

RESULTS: Antibodies against HNA-1a were detected in 51% (n = 41) of AIN patients, and anti-HNA-1b was detected in 3% (n = 2) of cases. In 46% of cases, the antibodies were anti-FcγIIIb-reactive. FCGR3B*01+,*02-,*03- was more common (odds ratio, 6.70; P < .0001), and FCGR3B*01-,*02+,*03- was less common (odds ratio, 0.30; P < .0001) among AIN cases. HNA-1a antibodies were significantly more frequent among AIN cases with the FCGR3B*01+,*02-,*03- genotype (odds ratio, 3.86; P < .007). The HLA-DRB1*14 - HLA-DQB1*05:03 haplotype was significantly more common (odds ratio, 7.44; P < .0001) in AIN patients.

CONCLUSION: The HLA haplotype HLA-DRB1*14 - DQB1*05:03 is associated with Danish AIN cases. Among Danish AIN patients, anti-HNA-1a is the most common autoantibody, and the antibody is more common in cases with the FCGR3B*01+,*02-,*03- genotype.

TidsskriftPediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)756-761
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021

Bibliografisk note

© 2021 EAACI and John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

ID: 62402028