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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Assessment of mode of delivery and predictors of emergency caesarean section among women living with HIV in a matched-pair setting with women from the general population in Denmark, 2002-2014

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess mode of delivery and predictors of emergency caesarean section (EmCS) in women living with HIV (WLWH) in a matched-pair setting with women from the general population (WGP) in Denmark. Further, we analysed birth plan in WLWH.

METHODS: All WLWH giving birth to live-born children from 2002 to 2014 were included in the study. Data were retrieved from medical records and national registries. WLWH were matched 1:5 by age, birth year, parity and ethnicity to WGP. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate predictors.

RESULTS: We included 389 WLWH and 1945 WGP in the study. At delivery, all WLWH were on antiretroviral therapy and 85.6% had HIV RNA <40 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL. Mean age was 32.7 years [95% confidence interval (CI) 32.1-33.2 years]. Mode of delivery differed significantly between WLWH and WGP [vaginal delivery, 33.4% versus 73.3%, respectively; elective caesarean section (ECS), 40.6% versus 9.7%, respectively; EmCS, 26% versus 17%, respectively; P < 0.0001]. Age > 40 years [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.3; 95% CI 1.5-3.5], asphyxia (aOR 3.2; 95% CI 2.4-4.1), delivery during the evening and at night [aOR 2.3 (95% CI 1.7-3.0) and aOR 2.0 (95% CI 1.5-2.7), respectively], preterm delivery (aOR 3.8; 95% CI 2.6-5.6) and premature rupture of membranes (aOR 3.0; 95% CI 2.1-4.4) predicted EmCS. WLWH had a higher risk of EmCS compared with WGP [2002-2006, aOR 2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.3); 2007-2008, aOR 2.9 (95% CI 1.4-5.9); 2009-2014, aOR 2.6 (95% CI 1.7-3.9)]. After 2007, more than half of WLWH planned to deliver vaginally. Prior caesarean section was associated with ECS (aOR 11.0; 95% CI 4.5-26.8). No mother-to-child transmission occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: Increasing numbers of WLWH deliver vaginally. Despite virological suppression, more WLWH plan and deliver by ECS than WGP. WLWH had a twofold higher risk of EmCS compared with WGP.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHIV Medicine
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)736-747
ISSN1464-2662
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2017

ID: 50587912