Assessment of continuous skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise in humans

V Bønnelykke Sørensen, H Wroblewski, S Galatius, S Haunsø, J Kastrup


The ability to measure regional blood flow from exercising skeletal muscles is of great interest. However, noninvasive techniques such as venous occlusion plethysmography and pulsed Doppler duplex ultrasonography only allow determination of blood flow at rest. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of position on continuous measured skeletal muscle blood flow response in the upright and supine positions during graded maximal exercise by means of the local (133)Xenon washout technique with portable CdTe(Cl) detectors. Fifteen healthy subjects (8 women and 7 men, mean age 46 +/- 11 years) performed graded maximal bicycle exercise in both supine and upright positions in random order on 2 subsequent days. Blood flow in the musculus tibialis anterior was measured using the local (133)Xenon washout technique. A total of 55-110 MBq of (133)Xenon dissolved in isotonic saline was injected intramuscularly and the gamma emission was registered by light-weight portable CdTe(Cl) detectors. During supine exercise skeletal muscle blood flow increased continuously with increasing work load. However, during upright exercise blood flow increased only at the initial three work loads, then it decreased gradually. Immediately after exercise blood flow returned to preexercise values for both positions. The skeletal muscle blood flow at maximum work load for each subject was 74% (relative flow values) (P < 0.05) higher in the supine compared with the upright position. There was no significant difference in absolute or relative blood flow values at similar time points. Exercise time was longer in the supine (1345 +/- 548 s) compared with the upright position (1148 +/- 453 s) (P < 0.005). The local (133)Xenon washout technique with portable CdTe(Cl) detectors allows continuous determination of skeletal muscle blood flow during graded bicycle exercise in supine and upright positions. Furthermore, blood flow at maximum work load and exercise time was increased in supine compared with upright exercise.

TidsskriftMicrovascular Research
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)301-9
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2000
Udgivet eksterntJa


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