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Aspects of cAMP Signaling in Epileptogenesis and Seizures and Its Potential as Drug Target

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Mertz, Christoffer ; Krarup, Sara ; Jensen, Cecilie D ; Lindholm, Sandy E H ; Kjær, Christina ; Pinborg, Lars H ; Bak, Lasse K. / Aspects of cAMP Signaling in Epileptogenesis and Seizures and Its Potential as Drug Target. I: Neurochemical Research. 2020 ; Bind 45, Nr. 6. s. 1247-1255.

Bibtex

@article{484c85809b214d298eb1a57a5a79066e,
title = "Aspects of cAMP Signaling in Epileptogenesis and Seizures and Its Potential as Drug Target",
abstract = "Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological conditions. Today, close to 30 different medications to prevent epileptic seizures are in use; yet, far from all patients become seizure free upon medical treatment. Thus, there is a need for new pharmacological approaches including novel drug targets for the management of epilepsy. Despite the fact that a role for cAMP signaling in epileptogenesis and seizures was first suggested some four decades ago, none of the current medications target the cAMP signaling system. The reasons for this are probably many including limited knowledge of the underlying biology and pathology as well as difficulties in designing selective drugs for the different components of the cAMP signaling system. This review explores selected aspects of cAMP signaling in the context of epileptogenesis and seizures including cAMP response element binding (CREB)-mediated transcriptional regulation. We discuss the therapeutic potential of targeting cAMP signaling in epilepsy and point to an increased knowledge of the A-kinase anchoring protein-based signaling hubs as being of seminal importance for future drug discovery within the field. Further, in terms of targeting CREB, we argue that targeting upstream cAMP signals might be more fruitful than targeting CREB itself. Finally, we point to astrocytes as cellular targets in epilepsy since cAMP signals may regulate astrocytic K+ clearance affecting neuronal excitability.",
keywords = "cAMP, Epilepsy, Epileptogenesis, Seizure",
author = "Christoffer Mertz and Sara Krarup and Jensen, {Cecilie D} and Lindholm, {Sandy E H} and Christina Kj{\ae}r and Pinborg, {Lars H} and Bak, {Lasse K}",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s11064-019-02853-x",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "1247--1255",
journal = "Neurochemical Research",
issn = "0364-3190",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aspects of cAMP Signaling in Epileptogenesis and Seizures and Its Potential as Drug Target

AU - Mertz, Christoffer

AU - Krarup, Sara

AU - Jensen, Cecilie D

AU - Lindholm, Sandy E H

AU - Kjær, Christina

AU - Pinborg, Lars H

AU - Bak, Lasse K

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological conditions. Today, close to 30 different medications to prevent epileptic seizures are in use; yet, far from all patients become seizure free upon medical treatment. Thus, there is a need for new pharmacological approaches including novel drug targets for the management of epilepsy. Despite the fact that a role for cAMP signaling in epileptogenesis and seizures was first suggested some four decades ago, none of the current medications target the cAMP signaling system. The reasons for this are probably many including limited knowledge of the underlying biology and pathology as well as difficulties in designing selective drugs for the different components of the cAMP signaling system. This review explores selected aspects of cAMP signaling in the context of epileptogenesis and seizures including cAMP response element binding (CREB)-mediated transcriptional regulation. We discuss the therapeutic potential of targeting cAMP signaling in epilepsy and point to an increased knowledge of the A-kinase anchoring protein-based signaling hubs as being of seminal importance for future drug discovery within the field. Further, in terms of targeting CREB, we argue that targeting upstream cAMP signals might be more fruitful than targeting CREB itself. Finally, we point to astrocytes as cellular targets in epilepsy since cAMP signals may regulate astrocytic K+ clearance affecting neuronal excitability.

AB - Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological conditions. Today, close to 30 different medications to prevent epileptic seizures are in use; yet, far from all patients become seizure free upon medical treatment. Thus, there is a need for new pharmacological approaches including novel drug targets for the management of epilepsy. Despite the fact that a role for cAMP signaling in epileptogenesis and seizures was first suggested some four decades ago, none of the current medications target the cAMP signaling system. The reasons for this are probably many including limited knowledge of the underlying biology and pathology as well as difficulties in designing selective drugs for the different components of the cAMP signaling system. This review explores selected aspects of cAMP signaling in the context of epileptogenesis and seizures including cAMP response element binding (CREB)-mediated transcriptional regulation. We discuss the therapeutic potential of targeting cAMP signaling in epilepsy and point to an increased knowledge of the A-kinase anchoring protein-based signaling hubs as being of seminal importance for future drug discovery within the field. Further, in terms of targeting CREB, we argue that targeting upstream cAMP signals might be more fruitful than targeting CREB itself. Finally, we point to astrocytes as cellular targets in epilepsy since cAMP signals may regulate astrocytic K+ clearance affecting neuronal excitability.

KW - cAMP

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Epileptogenesis

KW - Seizure

U2 - 10.1007/s11064-019-02853-x

DO - 10.1007/s11064-019-02853-x

M3 - Review

VL - 45

SP - 1247

EP - 1255

JO - Neurochemical Research

JF - Neurochemical Research

SN - 0364-3190

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 58217038