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Are patient-reported outcomes at discharge associated with employment status after cardiac hospitalization? Results from the national DenHeart study

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INTRODUCTION : In patients hospitalized for cardiac disease, a more comprehensive understanding of the potential predictors of returning to the workforce or detachment from employment is lacking.

AIM : The aims were (i) to explore the patterns of employment status within 1 year following hospital discharge and (ii) to investigate the association between self-reported physical health, mental health, and symptom burden at discharge and employment status at 13, 26, and 52 weeks, respectively, following discharge.

METHODS AND RESULTS : Patients discharged from Danish heart centres from April 2013 to April 2014 who were a part of the workforce prior to hospitalization and aged 18-63 were included. Questionnaires were used to measure physical and mental health and symptom burden. Information on comorbidity and return to the workforce was obtained from registers. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations between self-reported health status and returning to the workforce. Of the 5365 patients, 14.1% had not returned to the workforce 52 weeks after discharge. Patients admitted due to 'observation for a cardiac disease' had the highest proportion (89.4%) and patients with heart failure had the lowest proportion (72.6%) of returning to the workforce. Poor self-reported physical and mental health and high symptom burden were associated with detachment from the workforce.

CONCLUSION : Self-reported health status measured at discharge may be beneficial for identifying patients at increased risk of detachment from the workforce. Occupational initiatives may be implemented in the initial period after discharge, remembering that not all patients will benefit from returning to the workforce.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology
Vol/bind21
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)453-463
Antal sider11
ISSN1474-5151
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30 jun. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author(s) 2021. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

ID: 73397350