Appraisal of Triglyceride-Related Markers as Early Predictors of Metabolic Outcomes in the PREVIEW Lifestyle Intervention: A Controlled Post-hoc Trial

Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Pia Siig Vestentoft, Jennie C Brand-Miller, Elli Jalo, Margriet Westerterp-Plantenga, Elizabeth J Simpson, Teodora Handjieva-Darlenska, Gareth Stratton, Maija Huttunen-Lenz, Tony Lam, Roslyn Muirhead, Sally Poppitt, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Tanja Adam, Moira A Taylor, Svetoslav Handjiev, Melitta A McNarry, Sylvia Hansen, Shannon BrodieMarta P Silvestre, Ian A Macdonald, Nadka Boyadjieva, Kelly A Mackintosh, Wolfgang Schlicht, Amy Liu, Thomas M Larsen, Mikael Fogelholm, Anne Raben, J Alfredo Martinez

2 Citationer (Scopus)


Background: Individuals with pre-diabetes are commonly overweight and benefit from dietary and physical activity strategies aimed at decreasing body weight and hyperglycemia. Early insulin resistance can be estimated via the triglyceride glucose index {TyG = Ln [TG (mg/dl) × fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (mg/dl)/2]} and the hypertriglyceridemic-high waist phenotype (TyG-waist), based on TyG x waist circumference (WC) measurements. Both indices may be useful for implementing personalized metabolic management. In this secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), we aimed to determine whether the differences in baseline TyG values and TyG-waist phenotype predicted individual responses to type-2 diabetes (T2D) prevention programs. Methods: The present post-hoc analyses were conducted within the Prevention of Diabetes through Lifestyle intervention and population studies in Europe and around the world (PREVIEW) study completers (n = 899), a multi-center RCT conducted in eight countries (NCT01777893). The study aimed to reduce the incidence of T2D in a population with pre-diabetes during a 3-year randomized intervention with two sequential phases. The first phase was a 2-month weight loss intervention to achieve ≥8% weight loss. The second phase was a 34-month weight loss maintenance intervention with two diets providing different amounts of protein and different glycemic indices, and two physical activity programs with different exercise intensities in a 2 x 2 factorial design. On investigation days, we assessed anthropometrics, glucose/lipid metabolism markers, and diet and exercise questionnaires under standardized procedures. Results: Diabetes-related markers improved during all four lifestyle interventions. Higher baseline TyG index (p < 0.001) was associated with greater reductions in body weight, fasting glucose, and triglyceride (TG), while a high TyG-waist phenotype predicted better TG responses, particularly in those randomized to physical activity (PA) of moderate intensity. Conclusions: Two novel indices of insulin resistance (TyG and TyG-waist) may allow for a more personalized approach to avoiding progression to T2D. Clinical Trial Registration: reference, identifier: NCT01777893.

TidsskriftFrontiers in nutrition
Sider (fra-til)733697
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2021


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