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Apolipoprotein(a) and cardiovascular disease in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with and without diabetic nephropathy

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Vis graf over relationer

The relative mortality from cardiovascular disease is on average increased five-fold in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy compared to non-diabetic subjects. We assessed the possible contribution of dyslipidaemia in general and elevated serum apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) in particular. Type 2 diabetic patients with normo-, micro- and macroalbuminuria were compared with healthy subjects. Each group consisted of 37 subjects matched for age, sex and diabetes duration. Serum creatinine in the nephropathy group was 105 (54-740) mumol/l. The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease (resting ECG, Minnesota, Rating Scale) was 57, 35, 19 and 2% in macro-, micro- and normoalbuminuric diabetic patients and healthy subjects, respectively. The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease was higher in all diabetic groups as compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.05), and higher in macroalbuminuric as compared to normoalbuminuric diabetic patients (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference between apo(a) in the four groups: 161 (10-1370), 191 (10-2080), 147 (10-942), 102 (10-1440) U/l (median (range)) in macro-, micro- and normoalbuminuric groups and healthy subjects. Serum total-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were not significantly different when comparing healthy subjects and each diabetic group. Apolipoprotein A-I was lower (p < 0.05) in all diabetic groups as compared to healthy subjects (nephropathy vs healthy subjects): 1.50 +/- 0.25 vs 1.69 +/- 0.32 g/l (mean +/- SD). Triglyceride was higher (p < 0.05) in patients with nephropathy and microalbuminuria as compared to healthy subjects (nephropathy vs healthy subjects): 2.01 (0.66-14.7) vs 1.09 (0.41-2.75) mmol/l (median (range)).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetologia
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)438-44
Antal sider7
ISSN0012-186X
StatusUdgivet - maj 1993

ID: 52019719