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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Analgesic consumption trajectories in 8975 patients 1 year after fast-track total hip or knee arthroplasty

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


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BACKGROUND: Persistent or increased long-term opioid consumption has previously been described following total hip- (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, detailed information on postoperative analgesic consumption trajectories and risk factors associated with continued need of analgesics in fast-track THA and TKA is sparse.

METHODS: This is a descriptive multicentre study in primary unilateral fast-track THA or TKA with prospective data on patient characteristics and information on reimbursement entitled dispensed prescriptions of paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, anticonvulsants and antidepressants 1 month preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. Patients were stratified according to preoperative opioid use. Postoperative analgesic consumption trajectories were stratified as increased, decreased or no use compared to the preoperative period.

RESULTS: Of 8975 patients (4849 THA/4126 TKA), 33.9% had relevant reimbursed prescriptions 9-12 months postoperatively. Of 2136 (23.8%) patients with preoperative opioid use, 3.4% had unchanged opioid consumption at 9-12 months postoperatively. However, increased opioid consumption after 9-12 months occurred in 17.6 (TKA) and 10.2% (THA) compared to 9.9 and 6.3% in opioid-naive TKA and THA patients, respectively. Increased NSAID and paracetamol use was seen in 11.5 and 12.4% of all patients. Preoperative analgesic use (any), TKA, psychiatric disorder, tobacco abuse, cardiac disease and use of walking aids were associated with increased opioid consumption.

CONCLUSION: Continued and increased opioid and other analgesic use occur in a clinically significant proportion of fast-track TKA and THA patients 9-12 months postoperatively, suggesting treatment failure and need for early intervention. Preoperative risk assessment may allow identification of patients in risk of increased postoperative opioid consumption.

SIGNIFICANCE: We found a considerable fraction of patients with continued or increased opioid consumption 9-12 months after fast-track THA and TKA. Increase in opioid consumption was more frequent in preoperative opioid users than opioid-naive patients, but a pattern of increased analgesic consumption was present across all analgesics. Our data demonstrate a need for increased focus on long-term analgesic strategies and postoperative follow-up after THA and TKA, especially in preoperative opioid users.

TidsskriftEuropean journal of pain (London, England)
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1428-1438
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 53743166