An Explorative Investigation of the Effect of Naturalistic Light on Agitation-Associated Behavior in Nursing Home Residents With Dementia: A Pilot Study

Hafed Amin Saidane, Thomas Rasmussen, Knud Andersen, Helle Klingenberg Iversen, Anders Sode West*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

AIM: To study the effect of naturalistic light, programmed to replicate the spectrum distribution of natural light from dusk to dawn, on agitation measured with a Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory-inspired score of nursing home residents with dementia.

BACKGROUND: Though the effects of different types of light on the sleep-wake patterns of senior adults and people with dementia have been examined in several studies, the effects of naturalistic light systems, as a possible nonpharmacological intervention to improve sleep and reduce agitation, have yet to be extensively evaluated due to the relative novelty of the technology.

METHODS: The study was designed as a 6-month pilot study of a prospective interventional longitudinal cohort study, with five participants recruited from a single department of a Danish nursing home. The effect of naturalistic lighting on agitation-associated behaviors was recorded over a 3-day period pre- and postintervention. Results: An overall 71.2% reduction in the frequency of agitation-associated behaviors was recorded, with the frequency of some behaviors even reduced by 100%.

CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study estimates that naturalistic lighting may be a promising nonpharmacological intervention to improve the overall agitation of nursing home residents with dementia, with a possible added benefit of an improved work environment for the staff. This study, therefore, finds indication for the performance of a randomized controlled trial with the same intervention and a larger cohort.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHERD
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)146-154
Antal sider9
ISSN1937-5867
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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