Aldosterone synthase inhibitor (BI 690517) therapy for people with diabetes and albuminuric chronic kidney disease: A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase I trial

Stefan R Bornstein, Dick de Zeeuw, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Friedrich Schulze, Lisa Cronin, Arne Wenz, Katherine R Tuttle, Samy Hadjadj, Peter Rossing

Abstract

AIM: This Phase I study evaluated the safety and early efficacy of an aldosterone synthase inhibitor (BI 690517) in people with diabetes and albuminuric chronic kidney disease.

METHODS: Double-blind, placebo-controlled study (NCT03165240) at 40 sites across Europe. Eligible participants [estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥20 and <75 ml/min/1.73 m2 ; urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥200 and <3500 mg/g] were randomized 6:1 to receive once-daily oral BI 690517 3, 10 or 40 mg, or eplerenone 25-50 mg, or placebo, for 28 days. The primary endpoint was the proportion of participants with drug-related adverse events (AEs). Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline in the UACR.

RESULTS: Fifty-eight participants were randomized and treated from 27 November 2017 to 16 April 2020 (BI 690517: 3 mg, n = 18; 10 mg, n = 13; 40 mg, n = 14; eplerenone, n = 4; placebo, n = 9) for 28 days. Eight (13.8%) participants experienced drug-related AEs [BI 690517: 3 mg (two of 18); 10 mg (four of 13); 40 mg (two of 14)], most frequently constipation [10 mg (one of 13); 40 mg (one of 14)] and hyperkalaemia [3 mg (one of 18); 10 mg (one of 13)]. Most AEs were mild to moderate; one participant experienced severe hyperkalaemia (serum potassium 6.9 mmol/L; BI 690517 10 mg). UACR responses [≥20% decrease from baseline (first morning void urine) after 28 days] were observed for 80.0% receiving BI 690517 40 mg (eight of 10) versus 37.5% receiving placebo (three of eight). Aldosterone levels were suppressed by BI 690517, but not eplerenone or placebo.

CONCLUSIONS: BI 690517 was generally well tolerated, reduced plasma aldosterone and may decrease albuminuria in participants with diabetes and albuminuric chronic kidney disease.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
ISSN1462-8902
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 18 mar. 2024

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