Aging With Multiple Sclerosis: Age-Related Factors and Socioeconomic Risks

Abstrakt

Background: Studies have demonstrated an increasing mean age of the population with multiple sclerosis (MS). The association between increased age and socioeconomic outcomes has been investigated sparsely.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to describe the demographic and socioeconomic status of the current Danish population of patients with MS according to age and to assess the age-related risks of no income or losing all income from earnings or receiving disability pension.

Methods: The nationwide population-based Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry provided data linked with the Danish Income Statistics Register and the Danish Rational Economic Agents Model (DREAM) database. The prevalence of socioeconomic milestones of the current MS population was compared with healthy controls and the risks of reaching socioeconomic milestones were assessed using cause-specific Cox models and cumulative incidence functions compared to healthy controls.

Results: The current Danish population of patients with MS of working age (18-65 years of age) consists of 11,287 patients, of which 29.3% was older than 55 years. In 2018, 38.0% of all patients and 18.9% of controls had no income from earnings, whereas 30.5% of all patients and 7.7% of controls received disability pension. The risk of losing all income from earnings was higher for patients with MS with a hazard ratio (HR) peaking at of 4.0 (95% CI, 3.8-4.2) for the ages of 45-54 years. The risk of receiving disability pension was much higher for patients with MS peaking at a HR of 22.6 (95% CI, 20.9-24.4) for the ages of 25-34 years. Likewise, the absolute risks of both outcomes were higher for the patients with MS at all ages.

Conclusion: Danish patients with MS are at a higher risk of losing all income from earnings and at a much higher risk of receiving disability pension compared with healthy controls.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer818652
TidsskriftFrontiers in Neurology
Vol/bind13
Sider (fra-til)818652
ISSN1664-2295
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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