Adverse reactions after oral provocation with aluminium in children with vaccination granulomas and aluminium contact allergy

Stine Skovbo Hoffmann*, Jesper Elberling, Kirsten Skamstrup Hansen, Jacob P Thyssen, Charlotte G Mortz, Rasmus Overgaard Bach, Jeanne Duus Johansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

BACKGROUND: According to their parents, some children with aluminium contact allergy and vaccination granulomas may react to aluminium-containing foods by developing dermatitis, granuloma itch and subjective symptoms.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine whether oral intake of aluminium-containing pancakes can cause adverse events and/or systemic contact dermatitis (SCD) in children with vaccination granulomas and aluminium contact allergy.

PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 15 children aged 3-9 years (mean age, 5 years) with vaccination granulomas and positive patch-test results to aluminium chloride hexahydrate 2%/10% pet. completed a 3-week blinded randomized controlled crossover oral aluminium/placebo provocation study with pancakes. Granuloma itch and other subjective symptoms were evaluated daily on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Dermatitis was evaluated by the primary investigator, and sleep patterns were tracked with an electronic device. Aluminium bioavailability was assessed by measuring aluminium excretion in the urine. The children served as their own controls with the placebo provocations.

RESULTS: All 15 children completed the study. The mean VAS scores were slightly higher during aluminium provocations compared with placebo for granuloma itch (mean VAS, 1.5 vs. 1.4, p = 0.6) but identical for other subjective symptoms (0.6 vs. 0.6, p = 1). There were no differences in sleep patterns and no significant correlation between urinary aluminium excretion and symptom severity. Three children developed a symmetrical rash on the face or buttocks on day 4 of the aluminium provocations, but not during placebo provocations.

CONCLUSIONS: No difference was found between oral aluminium intake and the occurrence of subjective symptoms and granuloma itch, but on a case-basis oral aluminium may be associated with the development of systemic contact dermatitis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1028-1035
Antal sider8
ISSN0926-9959
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2023

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