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Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats

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Harvard

Jakobsen, LMA, He, W, Ditzel, N, Danielsen, M, Dalsgaard, TK, Jørgensen, NR, Bollen, P & Bertram, HC 2022, 'Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats', Food & Function, bind 13, nr. 8, s. 4691-4698. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1fo03645a

APA

Jakobsen, L. M. A., He, W., Ditzel, N., Danielsen, M., Dalsgaard, T. K., Jørgensen, N. R., Bollen, P., & Bertram, H. C. (2022). Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats. Food & Function, 13(8), 4691-4698. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1fo03645a

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Jakobsen, Louise M Arildsen ; He, Weiwei ; Ditzel, Nicholas ; Danielsen, Marianne ; Dalsgaard, Trine K ; Jørgensen, Niklas Rye ; Bollen, Peter ; Bertram, Hanne C. / Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats. I: Food & Function. 2022 ; Bind 13, Nr. 8. s. 4691-4698.

Bibtex

@article{4417209d15724920b9b2f9e1fa6e456b,
title = "Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats",
abstract = "Vitamin D deficiency is a global health issue with consequences for bone health. Complexation of vitamin D3 with specific whey proteins might increase the bioavailability and enhance the effect of dietary supplementation on health outcomes. The current rat study was set up to investigate if complexation of vitamin D3 with whey protein isolate (WPI) or β-lactoglobulin (B-LG) increases bioavailability of the vitamin and how it impacts markers of bone turnover and bone structure. For 8 weeks, growing male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 48) were fed a vitamin D-deficient diet and during the final 4 weeks gavage dosing of vitamin D3 either alone (VitD) or complexed with WPI (VitD + WPI) or β-LG (VitD + B-LG) was administered. A placebo treatment (placebo) was also included. After sacrifice, samples of bone were collected and analyzed using biomechanical testing and μCT scanning. The concentrations of vitamin D3, vitamin D3 metabolites and bone markers (P1NP and CTX) were measured in serum. The results showed that VitD + B-LG appeared to induce lower levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in serum compared to VitD alone. Markers of bone turnover were generally higher in the VitD group compared to placebo and the VitD + WPI and VitD + B-LG treatments. No effects of treatments on bone strength or bone microstructure were detected. In conclusion, whey protein complexation of vitamin D3 supplements appeared to have no beneficial effects on circulating vitamin D3 metabolites but this did not impose changes in bone strength or trabecular bone microstructure.",
keywords = "Animals, Biomarkers, Cholecalciferol, Dietary Supplements, Male, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Vitamin D, Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy, Vitamins/therapeutic use, Whey Proteins/therapeutic use",
author = "Jakobsen, {Louise M Arildsen} and Weiwei He and Nicholas Ditzel and Marianne Danielsen and Dalsgaard, {Trine K} and J{\o}rgensen, {Niklas Rye} and Peter Bollen and Bertram, {Hanne C}",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1039/d1fo03645a",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "4691--4698",
journal = "Food and Function",
issn = "2042-6496",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Administration of whey protein complexed vitamin D3 to vitamin D3-deficient growing Sprague-Dawley rats

AU - Jakobsen, Louise M Arildsen

AU - He, Weiwei

AU - Ditzel, Nicholas

AU - Danielsen, Marianne

AU - Dalsgaard, Trine K

AU - Jørgensen, Niklas Rye

AU - Bollen, Peter

AU - Bertram, Hanne C

PY - 2022/4/20

Y1 - 2022/4/20

N2 - Vitamin D deficiency is a global health issue with consequences for bone health. Complexation of vitamin D3 with specific whey proteins might increase the bioavailability and enhance the effect of dietary supplementation on health outcomes. The current rat study was set up to investigate if complexation of vitamin D3 with whey protein isolate (WPI) or β-lactoglobulin (B-LG) increases bioavailability of the vitamin and how it impacts markers of bone turnover and bone structure. For 8 weeks, growing male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 48) were fed a vitamin D-deficient diet and during the final 4 weeks gavage dosing of vitamin D3 either alone (VitD) or complexed with WPI (VitD + WPI) or β-LG (VitD + B-LG) was administered. A placebo treatment (placebo) was also included. After sacrifice, samples of bone were collected and analyzed using biomechanical testing and μCT scanning. The concentrations of vitamin D3, vitamin D3 metabolites and bone markers (P1NP and CTX) were measured in serum. The results showed that VitD + B-LG appeared to induce lower levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in serum compared to VitD alone. Markers of bone turnover were generally higher in the VitD group compared to placebo and the VitD + WPI and VitD + B-LG treatments. No effects of treatments on bone strength or bone microstructure were detected. In conclusion, whey protein complexation of vitamin D3 supplements appeared to have no beneficial effects on circulating vitamin D3 metabolites but this did not impose changes in bone strength or trabecular bone microstructure.

AB - Vitamin D deficiency is a global health issue with consequences for bone health. Complexation of vitamin D3 with specific whey proteins might increase the bioavailability and enhance the effect of dietary supplementation on health outcomes. The current rat study was set up to investigate if complexation of vitamin D3 with whey protein isolate (WPI) or β-lactoglobulin (B-LG) increases bioavailability of the vitamin and how it impacts markers of bone turnover and bone structure. For 8 weeks, growing male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 48) were fed a vitamin D-deficient diet and during the final 4 weeks gavage dosing of vitamin D3 either alone (VitD) or complexed with WPI (VitD + WPI) or β-LG (VitD + B-LG) was administered. A placebo treatment (placebo) was also included. After sacrifice, samples of bone were collected and analyzed using biomechanical testing and μCT scanning. The concentrations of vitamin D3, vitamin D3 metabolites and bone markers (P1NP and CTX) were measured in serum. The results showed that VitD + B-LG appeared to induce lower levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 in serum compared to VitD alone. Markers of bone turnover were generally higher in the VitD group compared to placebo and the VitD + WPI and VitD + B-LG treatments. No effects of treatments on bone strength or bone microstructure were detected. In conclusion, whey protein complexation of vitamin D3 supplements appeared to have no beneficial effects on circulating vitamin D3 metabolites but this did not impose changes in bone strength or trabecular bone microstructure.

KW - Animals

KW - Biomarkers

KW - Cholecalciferol

KW - Dietary Supplements

KW - Male

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Sprague-Dawley

KW - Vitamin D

KW - Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy

KW - Vitamins/therapeutic use

KW - Whey Proteins/therapeutic use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85128800163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/d1fo03645a

DO - 10.1039/d1fo03645a

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35379998

VL - 13

SP - 4691

EP - 4698

JO - Food and Function

JF - Food and Function

SN - 2042-6496

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 77600068