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Acute and long term outcomes of catheter ablation using remote magnetic navigation for the treatment of electrical storm in patients with severe ischemic heart failure

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BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation with remote magnetic navigation (RMN) can offer some advantages compared to manual techniques. However, the relevant clinical evidence for how RMN-guided ablation affects electrical storm (ES) due to ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with severe ischemic heart failure (SIHF) is still limited.

METHODS: Forty consecutive SIHF patients (left ventricular ejection fraction, 21 ± 6.9%) presenting with ES underwent ablation using RMN. All the patients received implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) either before or after ablation. Acute ablation success was defined as noninducibility of any sustained monophasic VT at the end of the procedure. Long-term analysis addressed VT recurrence, ICD therapies and all-cause death. ES was acutely suppressed by ablation in all patients.

RESULTS: Acute ablation success was obtained in 32 of 40 (80%) patients. The procedure time and fluoroscopy time were 105 ± 27 min and 7.5 ± 4.8 min respectively. No major complications occurred during procedures. During a mean follow-up of 17.4 months, 19 patients (47.5%) remained free of VT recurrence. The percentage of patients receiving ICD shocks after ablation was lower than before ablation (30% vs 69%, P<0.01). The mean number of ICD shocks per individual per year was reduced from 4.3 before ablation to 1.9 after ablation (P<0.05). Ten patients died during follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Acute catheter ablation with RMN is safe and effective to suppress ES in SIHF patients. RMN-guided catheter ablation can prevent VT recurrence and significantly reduce ICD shocks, suggesting that this strategy can be used as an alternative therapy for VT storm in SIHF patients with ICDs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Cardiology
Vol/bind183
Sider (fra-til)11-6
Antal sider6
ISSN0167-5273
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 mar. 2015

ID: 46181653