Abnormal gastric histology and decreased acid production in cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor-deficient mice

N Langhans, G Rindi, M Chiu, J F Rehfeld, B Ardman, M Beinborn, A S Kopin

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The cholecystokinin (CCK)-B/gastrin receptor is one of several regulators of gastric acid secretion and mucosal growth. To elucidate the contribution of this receptor relative to other trophic and secretory factors, mice that lack the CCK-B/gastrin receptor have been generated and studied.

METHODS: Both alleles of the CCK-B/gastrin receptor were inactivated by targeted gene disruption. Analysis of the mice included measurement of basal gastric pH and plasma gastrin levels. In addition, multiple gastric mucosal cell types were identified by immunostaining and quantified.

RESULTS: Homozygous mutant mice were viable, fertile, and appeared grossly normal into adulthood. The receptor-deficient mice exhibited a marked increase in basal gastric pH (from 3.2 to 5.2) and an approximately 10-fold elevation in plasma gastrin concentration compared with wild-type controls. In the stomach of mutant animals, parietal and enterochromaffin-like cells were decreased, providing a likely explanation for the reduction in acid output. In the antrum, a decrease in somatostatin cell density and an increase in the gastrin cell number were observed, consistent with the concomitant elevation in circulating gastrin.

CONCLUSIONS: Together, these findings demonstrate the importance of the CCK-B/gastrin receptor in maintaining the normal cellular composition and function of the gastric mucosa.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGastroenterology
Vol/bind112
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)280-6
Antal sider7
ISSN0016-5085
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1997
Udgivet eksterntJa

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