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Ability of the Global Alignment and Proportion Score to Predict Mechanical Failure Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery-Validation in 149 Patients With Two-Year Follow-up

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@article{d88aa5a4850644bfb539ef22bb325d9a,
title = "Ability of the Global Alignment and Proportion Score to Predict Mechanical Failure Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery-Validation in 149 Patients With Two-Year Follow-up",
abstract = "STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.OBJECTIVES: To validate the Global Alignment and Proportion (GAP) score in a single-center cohort of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. Surgical treatment for ASD is associated with a high risk of mechanical failure and consequent revision surgery. To improve prediction of mechanical complications, the GAP score was developed with promising results. Development was based on the assumption that not all patients would benefit from the same fixed radiographic targets as pelvic incidence is an individual, morphological parameter that greatly influences the sagittal curves of the spine.METHODS: In a validation study of the GAP score, patients undergoing ASD surgery with four or more levels of instrumentation were consecutively included at a tertiary spine unit. Patients were followed for a minimum of two years. Pre- and postoperative GAP score and categories were calculated for all patients, and the association with mechanical failure and revision surgery was analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 149 patients with a mean age of 57.4 years were included. Overall, the rates of mechanical failure and revision surgery were 51% and 35% respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) using receiver operating characteristic was classified as {"}no or low discriminatory power{"} for the GAP score in predicting either outcome (AUC = 0.50 and 0.49, respectively). Similarly, there were no significant associations between GAP categories and the occurrence of mechanical failure or revision surgery when using Cochran-Armitage test of trend (p = .28 for mechanical failure and p = .58 for revision surgery).CONCLUSIONS: In a consecutive series of surgically treated ASD patients, we found no significant association between postoperative GAP score and mechanical failure or revision surgery. Despite minor limitations in similarities to the original study cohort, further validation studies or adjustments to the original scoring system are proposed.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.",
author = "Bari, {Tanvir Johanning} and S{\o}ren Ohrt-Nissen and Hansen, {Lars Valentin} and Benny Dahl and Martin Gehrchen",
year = "2019",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/j.jspd.2018.08.002",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "331--337",
journal = "Spine Deformity",
issn = "2212-134X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ability of the Global Alignment and Proportion Score to Predict Mechanical Failure Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery-Validation in 149 Patients With Two-Year Follow-up

AU - Bari, Tanvir Johanning

AU - Ohrt-Nissen, Søren

AU - Hansen, Lars Valentin

AU - Dahl, Benny

AU - Gehrchen, Martin

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.OBJECTIVES: To validate the Global Alignment and Proportion (GAP) score in a single-center cohort of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. Surgical treatment for ASD is associated with a high risk of mechanical failure and consequent revision surgery. To improve prediction of mechanical complications, the GAP score was developed with promising results. Development was based on the assumption that not all patients would benefit from the same fixed radiographic targets as pelvic incidence is an individual, morphological parameter that greatly influences the sagittal curves of the spine.METHODS: In a validation study of the GAP score, patients undergoing ASD surgery with four or more levels of instrumentation were consecutively included at a tertiary spine unit. Patients were followed for a minimum of two years. Pre- and postoperative GAP score and categories were calculated for all patients, and the association with mechanical failure and revision surgery was analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 149 patients with a mean age of 57.4 years were included. Overall, the rates of mechanical failure and revision surgery were 51% and 35% respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) using receiver operating characteristic was classified as "no or low discriminatory power" for the GAP score in predicting either outcome (AUC = 0.50 and 0.49, respectively). Similarly, there were no significant associations between GAP categories and the occurrence of mechanical failure or revision surgery when using Cochran-Armitage test of trend (p = .28 for mechanical failure and p = .58 for revision surgery).CONCLUSIONS: In a consecutive series of surgically treated ASD patients, we found no significant association between postoperative GAP score and mechanical failure or revision surgery. Despite minor limitations in similarities to the original study cohort, further validation studies or adjustments to the original scoring system are proposed.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.

AB - STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.OBJECTIVES: To validate the Global Alignment and Proportion (GAP) score in a single-center cohort of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. Surgical treatment for ASD is associated with a high risk of mechanical failure and consequent revision surgery. To improve prediction of mechanical complications, the GAP score was developed with promising results. Development was based on the assumption that not all patients would benefit from the same fixed radiographic targets as pelvic incidence is an individual, morphological parameter that greatly influences the sagittal curves of the spine.METHODS: In a validation study of the GAP score, patients undergoing ASD surgery with four or more levels of instrumentation were consecutively included at a tertiary spine unit. Patients were followed for a minimum of two years. Pre- and postoperative GAP score and categories were calculated for all patients, and the association with mechanical failure and revision surgery was analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 149 patients with a mean age of 57.4 years were included. Overall, the rates of mechanical failure and revision surgery were 51% and 35% respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) using receiver operating characteristic was classified as "no or low discriminatory power" for the GAP score in predicting either outcome (AUC = 0.50 and 0.49, respectively). Similarly, there were no significant associations between GAP categories and the occurrence of mechanical failure or revision surgery when using Cochran-Armitage test of trend (p = .28 for mechanical failure and p = .58 for revision surgery).CONCLUSIONS: In a consecutive series of surgically treated ASD patients, we found no significant association between postoperative GAP score and mechanical failure or revision surgery. Despite minor limitations in similarities to the original study cohort, further validation studies or adjustments to the original scoring system are proposed.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jspd.2018.08.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jspd.2018.08.002

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30660230

VL - 7

SP - 331

EP - 337

JO - Spine Deformity

JF - Spine Deformity

SN - 2212-134X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 59371130