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Abbreviation modalities of nitrogen multiple-breath washout tests in school children with obstructed lung disease

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@article{30643318ea8b4b648640a923d4027c31,
title = "Abbreviation modalities of nitrogen multiple-breath washout tests in school children with obstructed lung disease",
abstract = "RATIONALE: Nitrogen multiple-breath washout (N2 MBW) is a promising tool for assessing early lung damage in children with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but it can be a time-consuming procedure. We compared alternative test-shortening endpoints with the most commonly reported N2 MBW outcome, the lung clearance index, calculated as lung volume turnovers required to reach 2.5% of the starting N2 concentration (LCI2.5 ).METHODS: Cross-sectional study of triplicate N2 MBW measurements obtained in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (N = 60), primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) patients (N = 28), and matched healthy controls (N = 48) aged 5-18 years. Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare LCI2.5 with earlier LCI endpoints (3%, 4%, 5%, 7%, and 9% of starting N2 concentration), Cn@TO6 (defined as % of N2 starting concentration when reaching six lung volume turnovers), and LCI derived from only two N2 MBW runs in each session. N2 MBW endpoints were analyzed as z-scores calculated from healthy controls.RESULTS: In PCD, Cn@TO6 and LCI2.5 exhibited similar values (mean [95%CI] difference: 0.33 [-0.24; 0.90] z-scores), reducing the test duration by one-third (5.4 min; 95%CI: 4.0; 6.8). All other tested alternative endpoints exhibited increasing disagreement with increasing LCI2.5 . With an average reduction in test duration of 40%, LCI2.5 derived from two runs exhibited good agreement in all children.CONCLUSIONS: Cn@TO6 may be suggested as a potential test-shortening endpoint in school children with PCD. In CF, early test termination may reduce measurement power with advancing pulmonary disease, suggesting differences in underlying pathophysiology. Two technically acceptable N2 MBW runs may be sufficient in school children irrespective of diagnosis with CF or PCD. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:624-632. {\textcopyright} 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Kent Green and Ejlertsen, {Jacob S} and Astrid Madsen and Buchvald, {Frederik F} and Thomas Kongstad and Helene Kobbernagel and Gustafsson, {Per M} and Nielsen, {Kim G}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1002/ppul.23339",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "624--32",
journal = "Pediatric Pulmonology",
issn = "8755-6863",
publisher = "John/Wiley & Sons, Inc. John/Wiley & Sons Ltd",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abbreviation modalities of nitrogen multiple-breath washout tests in school children with obstructed lung disease

AU - Green, Kent

AU - Ejlertsen, Jacob S

AU - Madsen, Astrid

AU - Buchvald, Frederik F

AU - Kongstad, Thomas

AU - Kobbernagel, Helene

AU - Gustafsson, Per M

AU - Nielsen, Kim G

N1 - © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - RATIONALE: Nitrogen multiple-breath washout (N2 MBW) is a promising tool for assessing early lung damage in children with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but it can be a time-consuming procedure. We compared alternative test-shortening endpoints with the most commonly reported N2 MBW outcome, the lung clearance index, calculated as lung volume turnovers required to reach 2.5% of the starting N2 concentration (LCI2.5 ).METHODS: Cross-sectional study of triplicate N2 MBW measurements obtained in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (N = 60), primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) patients (N = 28), and matched healthy controls (N = 48) aged 5-18 years. Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare LCI2.5 with earlier LCI endpoints (3%, 4%, 5%, 7%, and 9% of starting N2 concentration), Cn@TO6 (defined as % of N2 starting concentration when reaching six lung volume turnovers), and LCI derived from only two N2 MBW runs in each session. N2 MBW endpoints were analyzed as z-scores calculated from healthy controls.RESULTS: In PCD, Cn@TO6 and LCI2.5 exhibited similar values (mean [95%CI] difference: 0.33 [-0.24; 0.90] z-scores), reducing the test duration by one-third (5.4 min; 95%CI: 4.0; 6.8). All other tested alternative endpoints exhibited increasing disagreement with increasing LCI2.5 . With an average reduction in test duration of 40%, LCI2.5 derived from two runs exhibited good agreement in all children.CONCLUSIONS: Cn@TO6 may be suggested as a potential test-shortening endpoint in school children with PCD. In CF, early test termination may reduce measurement power with advancing pulmonary disease, suggesting differences in underlying pathophysiology. Two technically acceptable N2 MBW runs may be sufficient in school children irrespective of diagnosis with CF or PCD. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:624-632. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

AB - RATIONALE: Nitrogen multiple-breath washout (N2 MBW) is a promising tool for assessing early lung damage in children with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but it can be a time-consuming procedure. We compared alternative test-shortening endpoints with the most commonly reported N2 MBW outcome, the lung clearance index, calculated as lung volume turnovers required to reach 2.5% of the starting N2 concentration (LCI2.5 ).METHODS: Cross-sectional study of triplicate N2 MBW measurements obtained in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (N = 60), primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) patients (N = 28), and matched healthy controls (N = 48) aged 5-18 years. Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare LCI2.5 with earlier LCI endpoints (3%, 4%, 5%, 7%, and 9% of starting N2 concentration), Cn@TO6 (defined as % of N2 starting concentration when reaching six lung volume turnovers), and LCI derived from only two N2 MBW runs in each session. N2 MBW endpoints were analyzed as z-scores calculated from healthy controls.RESULTS: In PCD, Cn@TO6 and LCI2.5 exhibited similar values (mean [95%CI] difference: 0.33 [-0.24; 0.90] z-scores), reducing the test duration by one-third (5.4 min; 95%CI: 4.0; 6.8). All other tested alternative endpoints exhibited increasing disagreement with increasing LCI2.5 . With an average reduction in test duration of 40%, LCI2.5 derived from two runs exhibited good agreement in all children.CONCLUSIONS: Cn@TO6 may be suggested as a potential test-shortening endpoint in school children with PCD. In CF, early test termination may reduce measurement power with advancing pulmonary disease, suggesting differences in underlying pathophysiology. Two technically acceptable N2 MBW runs may be sufficient in school children irrespective of diagnosis with CF or PCD. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:624-632. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1002/ppul.23339

DO - 10.1002/ppul.23339

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26595237

VL - 51

SP - 624

EP - 632

JO - Pediatric Pulmonology

JF - Pediatric Pulmonology

SN - 8755-6863

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 49873854