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A Validated Echocardiographic Risk Model for Predicting Outcome Following ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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@article{410ef1784a344b1d93e84611329826fe,
title = "A Validated Echocardiographic Risk Model for Predicting Outcome Following ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction",
abstract = "Many echocardiographic measures have been proposed as potential predictors of outcome following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We hypothesized that combining multiple echocardiographic measures in a risk model provides more prognostic information than individual echocardiographic measures. We prospectively included 373 STEMI patients which constituted our derivation cohort. We also identified 298 STEMI patients from a clinical registry that constituted our validation cohort. Echocardiogram was performed at a median of 2 days after infarction. The echocardiogram consisted of conventional and advanced measures. The end point was a composite of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, we observed 80 events in our derivation cohort. A stepwise backward Cox regression including all echocardiographic parameters identified global longitudinal strain, wall motion score index (WMSI), E/e', and E/global strain rate e (E/GLSRe) as significant predictors of outcome. A Classification and Regression Tree analysis outlined a risk model with WMSI, GLSRe, and E/e' as key echocardiographic parameters. Patients with WMSI ≥ 2.22 were at high risk, patients with WMSI < 2.22, GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e'≥7.6 at intermediate risk, and patients with WMSI < 2.22 and GLSRe ≥ 0.82s-1 or GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e' < 7.6 at low risk of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. When compared with the low-risk group, an incremental risk was observed (intermediate group: HR = 2.52 [1.24;5.11], p = 0.011; high-risk group: HR = 4.37 [1.40;13.66], p = 0.011). The risk model was validated in the validation cohort (C-statistic: 0.71). In conclusion, we devised an echocardiographic risk model for STEMI patients suggesting advanced and conventional measures of systolic function and filling pressures to be important for the prognosis.",
keywords = "Aged, Denmark, Echocardiography/methods, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Registries, Risk Assessment, ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging",
author = "Olsen, {Flemming Javier} and Sune Pedersen and Skaarup, {Kristoffer Grundtvig} and Iversen, {Allan Zeeberg} and Daniel Modin and Kotaro Nochioka and Tor Biering-S{\o}rensen",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = may,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.02.024",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "1461--1470",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Excerpta Medica, Inc",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Validated Echocardiographic Risk Model for Predicting Outcome Following ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

AU - Olsen, Flemming Javier

AU - Pedersen, Sune

AU - Skaarup, Kristoffer Grundtvig

AU - Iversen, Allan Zeeberg

AU - Modin, Daniel

AU - Nochioka, Kotaro

AU - Biering-Sørensen, Tor

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/5/15

Y1 - 2020/5/15

N2 - Many echocardiographic measures have been proposed as potential predictors of outcome following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We hypothesized that combining multiple echocardiographic measures in a risk model provides more prognostic information than individual echocardiographic measures. We prospectively included 373 STEMI patients which constituted our derivation cohort. We also identified 298 STEMI patients from a clinical registry that constituted our validation cohort. Echocardiogram was performed at a median of 2 days after infarction. The echocardiogram consisted of conventional and advanced measures. The end point was a composite of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, we observed 80 events in our derivation cohort. A stepwise backward Cox regression including all echocardiographic parameters identified global longitudinal strain, wall motion score index (WMSI), E/e', and E/global strain rate e (E/GLSRe) as significant predictors of outcome. A Classification and Regression Tree analysis outlined a risk model with WMSI, GLSRe, and E/e' as key echocardiographic parameters. Patients with WMSI ≥ 2.22 were at high risk, patients with WMSI < 2.22, GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e'≥7.6 at intermediate risk, and patients with WMSI < 2.22 and GLSRe ≥ 0.82s-1 or GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e' < 7.6 at low risk of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. When compared with the low-risk group, an incremental risk was observed (intermediate group: HR = 2.52 [1.24;5.11], p = 0.011; high-risk group: HR = 4.37 [1.40;13.66], p = 0.011). The risk model was validated in the validation cohort (C-statistic: 0.71). In conclusion, we devised an echocardiographic risk model for STEMI patients suggesting advanced and conventional measures of systolic function and filling pressures to be important for the prognosis.

AB - Many echocardiographic measures have been proposed as potential predictors of outcome following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We hypothesized that combining multiple echocardiographic measures in a risk model provides more prognostic information than individual echocardiographic measures. We prospectively included 373 STEMI patients which constituted our derivation cohort. We also identified 298 STEMI patients from a clinical registry that constituted our validation cohort. Echocardiogram was performed at a median of 2 days after infarction. The echocardiogram consisted of conventional and advanced measures. The end point was a composite of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. During a median follow-up of 5.4 years, we observed 80 events in our derivation cohort. A stepwise backward Cox regression including all echocardiographic parameters identified global longitudinal strain, wall motion score index (WMSI), E/e', and E/global strain rate e (E/GLSRe) as significant predictors of outcome. A Classification and Regression Tree analysis outlined a risk model with WMSI, GLSRe, and E/e' as key echocardiographic parameters. Patients with WMSI ≥ 2.22 were at high risk, patients with WMSI < 2.22, GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e'≥7.6 at intermediate risk, and patients with WMSI < 2.22 and GLSRe ≥ 0.82s-1 or GLSRe < 0.82s-1 and E/e' < 7.6 at low risk of heart failure and/or cardiovascular death. When compared with the low-risk group, an incremental risk was observed (intermediate group: HR = 2.52 [1.24;5.11], p = 0.011; high-risk group: HR = 4.37 [1.40;13.66], p = 0.011). The risk model was validated in the validation cohort (C-statistic: 0.71). In conclusion, we devised an echocardiographic risk model for STEMI patients suggesting advanced and conventional measures of systolic function and filling pressures to be important for the prognosis.

KW - Aged

KW - Denmark

KW - Echocardiography/methods

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

KW - Predictive Value of Tests

KW - Prognosis

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Registries

KW - Risk Assessment

KW - ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging

U2 - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.02.024

DO - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.02.024

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32241549

VL - 125

SP - 1461

EP - 1470

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 61295331