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A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities

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Berntsen, S, Laivuori, H, la Cour Freiesleben, N, Loft, A, Söderström-Anttila, V, B Oldereid, N, Romundstad, LB, Magnusson, Å, Petzold, M, Bergh, C & Pinborg, A 2021, 'A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities', Human Reproduction Update, bind 27, nr. 5, s. 801-847. https://doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmab005

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Author

Berntsen, Sine ; Laivuori, Hannele ; la Cour Freiesleben, Nina ; Loft, Anne ; Söderström-Anttila, Viveca ; B Oldereid, Nan ; Romundstad, Liv Bente ; Magnusson, Åsa ; Petzold, Max ; Bergh, Christina ; Pinborg, Anja. / A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities. I: Human Reproduction Update. 2021 ; Bind 27, Nr. 5. s. 801-847.

Bibtex

@article{9e2b98eb9b9d4028a956c96a9dedd4e7,
title = "A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In the decade following the introduction of ICSI, a higher prevalence of de novo chromosome abnormalities, in particular sex chromosome and autosomal structural abnormalities, as well as inherited abnormalities was described in children conceived by ICSI compared to both naturally conceived (NC) children and children conceived by standard IVF. The explanation for the observed increase in prevalence is not clear and has been suggested to reflect parental factors (e.g. age or sperm quality) or to be a result of the ICSI procedure itself. Over the years, the procedure, as well as the patient group, and indications for ICSI treatment have changed.OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the prevalence of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI pregnancies and children and to examine any potentially increased risk compared to standard IVF and NC.SEARCH METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Libraries and Web of Science up to October 2020 were searched. Primary outcome measures were overall chromosome abnormalities and de novo abnormalities (including sex chromosome abnormalities and autosomal abnormalities). The secondary outcome was inherited abnormalities. We followed the PRISMA guidelines and relevant meta-analyses were performed.OUTCOMES: The search included 4648 articles, out of which 27 met the inclusion criteria, and 19 were included in quantitative synthesis (meta-analyses). The prevalence of chromosome abnormalities varied considerably between studies, possibly explained by large differences in sample size and patient demographics. Only five studies were eligible for pooled analyses on adjusted data. All studies had a critical risk of bias. Results from pooled adjusted data showed no evidence of an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities when comparing ICSI to either standard IVF (aOR 0.75 (95% CI 0.41-1.38)) or NC (aOR 1.29 (95% CI 0.69-2.43)). In contrast, meta-analyses on unadjusted data showed an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities in ICSI compared to both standard IVF (OR 1.42 (95% CI 1.09-1.85)) and NC (OR 2.46 (95% CI 1.52-3.99)) and an increased risk of de novo abnormalities in ICSI compared to NC (OR 2.62 (95% CI 2.07-3.31)). Yet, based on a very low certainty of evidence, the conclusion remains, that no indication of an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI offspring could be found. If an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in selected ICSI offspring should exist, the absolute risk continues to be small.WIDER IMPLICATIONS: This review provides an extensive overview of the existing evidence on the relationship between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities in the offspring. We highlight the need for well-designed large, prospective, controlled studies with systematic cytogenetic testing. Existing data are limited and, in many cases, marred by critical levels of bias.",
keywords = "assisted reproduction, birth defects, chromosomal disorders, chromosome aberrations, chromosome abnormalities, chromosome anomalies, congenital anomalies, ICSI, IVF/ICSI outcome",
author = "Sine Berntsen and Hannele Laivuori and {la Cour Freiesleben}, Nina and Anne Loft and Viveca S{\"o}derstr{\"o}m-Anttila and {B Oldereid}, Nan and Romundstad, {Liv Bente} and {\AA}sa Magnusson and Max Petzold and Christina Bergh and Anja Pinborg",
note = "{\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2021",
month = aug,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1093/humupd/dmab005",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "801--847",
journal = "Human Reproduction Update",
issn = "1355-4786",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities

AU - Berntsen, Sine

AU - Laivuori, Hannele

AU - la Cour Freiesleben, Nina

AU - Loft, Anne

AU - Söderström-Anttila, Viveca

AU - B Oldereid, Nan

AU - Romundstad, Liv Bente

AU - Magnusson, Åsa

AU - Petzold, Max

AU - Bergh, Christina

AU - Pinborg, Anja

N1 - © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2021/8/20

Y1 - 2021/8/20

N2 - BACKGROUND: In the decade following the introduction of ICSI, a higher prevalence of de novo chromosome abnormalities, in particular sex chromosome and autosomal structural abnormalities, as well as inherited abnormalities was described in children conceived by ICSI compared to both naturally conceived (NC) children and children conceived by standard IVF. The explanation for the observed increase in prevalence is not clear and has been suggested to reflect parental factors (e.g. age or sperm quality) or to be a result of the ICSI procedure itself. Over the years, the procedure, as well as the patient group, and indications for ICSI treatment have changed.OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the prevalence of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI pregnancies and children and to examine any potentially increased risk compared to standard IVF and NC.SEARCH METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Libraries and Web of Science up to October 2020 were searched. Primary outcome measures were overall chromosome abnormalities and de novo abnormalities (including sex chromosome abnormalities and autosomal abnormalities). The secondary outcome was inherited abnormalities. We followed the PRISMA guidelines and relevant meta-analyses were performed.OUTCOMES: The search included 4648 articles, out of which 27 met the inclusion criteria, and 19 were included in quantitative synthesis (meta-analyses). The prevalence of chromosome abnormalities varied considerably between studies, possibly explained by large differences in sample size and patient demographics. Only five studies were eligible for pooled analyses on adjusted data. All studies had a critical risk of bias. Results from pooled adjusted data showed no evidence of an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities when comparing ICSI to either standard IVF (aOR 0.75 (95% CI 0.41-1.38)) or NC (aOR 1.29 (95% CI 0.69-2.43)). In contrast, meta-analyses on unadjusted data showed an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities in ICSI compared to both standard IVF (OR 1.42 (95% CI 1.09-1.85)) and NC (OR 2.46 (95% CI 1.52-3.99)) and an increased risk of de novo abnormalities in ICSI compared to NC (OR 2.62 (95% CI 2.07-3.31)). Yet, based on a very low certainty of evidence, the conclusion remains, that no indication of an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI offspring could be found. If an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in selected ICSI offspring should exist, the absolute risk continues to be small.WIDER IMPLICATIONS: This review provides an extensive overview of the existing evidence on the relationship between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities in the offspring. We highlight the need for well-designed large, prospective, controlled studies with systematic cytogenetic testing. Existing data are limited and, in many cases, marred by critical levels of bias.

AB - BACKGROUND: In the decade following the introduction of ICSI, a higher prevalence of de novo chromosome abnormalities, in particular sex chromosome and autosomal structural abnormalities, as well as inherited abnormalities was described in children conceived by ICSI compared to both naturally conceived (NC) children and children conceived by standard IVF. The explanation for the observed increase in prevalence is not clear and has been suggested to reflect parental factors (e.g. age or sperm quality) or to be a result of the ICSI procedure itself. Over the years, the procedure, as well as the patient group, and indications for ICSI treatment have changed.OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the prevalence of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI pregnancies and children and to examine any potentially increased risk compared to standard IVF and NC.SEARCH METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Libraries and Web of Science up to October 2020 were searched. Primary outcome measures were overall chromosome abnormalities and de novo abnormalities (including sex chromosome abnormalities and autosomal abnormalities). The secondary outcome was inherited abnormalities. We followed the PRISMA guidelines and relevant meta-analyses were performed.OUTCOMES: The search included 4648 articles, out of which 27 met the inclusion criteria, and 19 were included in quantitative synthesis (meta-analyses). The prevalence of chromosome abnormalities varied considerably between studies, possibly explained by large differences in sample size and patient demographics. Only five studies were eligible for pooled analyses on adjusted data. All studies had a critical risk of bias. Results from pooled adjusted data showed no evidence of an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities when comparing ICSI to either standard IVF (aOR 0.75 (95% CI 0.41-1.38)) or NC (aOR 1.29 (95% CI 0.69-2.43)). In contrast, meta-analyses on unadjusted data showed an increased risk of overall chromosome abnormalities in ICSI compared to both standard IVF (OR 1.42 (95% CI 1.09-1.85)) and NC (OR 2.46 (95% CI 1.52-3.99)) and an increased risk of de novo abnormalities in ICSI compared to NC (OR 2.62 (95% CI 2.07-3.31)). Yet, based on a very low certainty of evidence, the conclusion remains, that no indication of an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in ICSI offspring could be found. If an increased risk of chromosome abnormalities in selected ICSI offspring should exist, the absolute risk continues to be small.WIDER IMPLICATIONS: This review provides an extensive overview of the existing evidence on the relationship between ICSI and chromosome abnormalities in the offspring. We highlight the need for well-designed large, prospective, controlled studies with systematic cytogenetic testing. Existing data are limited and, in many cases, marred by critical levels of bias.

KW - assisted reproduction

KW - birth defects

KW - chromosomal disorders

KW - chromosome aberrations

KW - chromosome abnormalities

KW - chromosome anomalies

KW - congenital anomalies

KW - ICSI

KW - IVF/ICSI outcome

U2 - 10.1093/humupd/dmab005

DO - 10.1093/humupd/dmab005

M3 - Review

C2 - 33956940

VL - 27

SP - 801

EP - 847

JO - Human Reproduction Update

JF - Human Reproduction Update

SN - 1355-4786

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 65430623